Jump to content
  • Sign Up
Sign Up To Remove Ads! | Purchase An Ad Slot!


This topic is now archived and is closed to further replies. Want this topic removed from the archive?

Fourth echelon

Shakespeare Was a Pot Smoker? Archaeologists Make a Surprising Find

Recommended Posts

An analysis discovered cannabis residue in 400-year-old clay pipes from William Shakespeare’s garden, the Independent reported. The analysis was made using forensic technology from South Africa, and found cannabis residue in four pipes.

Pipe bowls and stems from Shakespeare’s garden were on loan from the Shakespeare Birthplace and Trust for the study. The analysis was performed by South African research scientists from the Transvaal Museum in Pretoria and used a technique called gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The technique is sensitive to residues preserved in pipes.

The analysis studied plant residues found in pipes dating back to the 17th century that were excavated from Stratford-upon-Avon in south Warwickshire, England, which was the birthplace of William Shakespeare.  The analysis studied 24 pipe fragments, a few of which were found in Shakespeare’s garden. The results, published in the South African Journal of Science, indicated cannabis in eight samples, nicotine in at least one sample and evidence of Peruvian cocaine from coca leaves in two samples.  The analysis confirmed a diversity of plants was smoked in Europe during the 17th century. 

The analysis found none of the pipes with cocaine residue came from Shakespeare’s garden, but four of the pipes containing cannabis residue did.

Cannabis residue has been discovered in clay pipes from Shakespeare's garden.


Share this post

Link to post
Share on other sites

And a freemason too! Pot....it ain't just for hippies. :biggrin:

In July 1929 the Foundation Stone of the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-upon-Avon was laid with full Masonic ritual by Lord Ampthill, pro-Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England, using an old Egyptian maul used at Sakhara four thousand years ago. Six hundred Masons were present at the ceremony, in full regalia. Why should Grand Lodge attach such primary importance to the memory of Shakespeare and the continuing performance of his plays? In fact, such attention has some noteworthy precedents that would seem to link Freemasonry strongly with Shakespeare.


Share this post

Link to post
Share on other sites


Important Information

We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue.