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# Flat Earth Research -- Rough Draft

## Recommended Posts

FE Research, Links to pertinent videos, photos, articles

Post 1 is a basic outline with main topics and links to online sources.

Post 2 lists websites and books which analyze Flat Earth topics.

Post 3 is Rothbard's extensive analysis of main arguments that support Flat Earth Theory.

Spoiler

This thread will collect data to explore the flat earth theory.

Posters who want to add or revise information can contact me here or the FE discussion thread:

http://www.conspiracyoutpost.com/topic/2303-nasa-says-earth-is-round-wheres-the-proof/ . It is meant to be a user-friendly ready reference guide that keeps up with the latest sources of information. This is a very early rough draft which will need constant re-organization and editing. I appreciate your input, guys.

CURRENT COSMOLOGY

Model: Heliocentric (Globe Earth): Rotation causes days, Revolution around the sun creates years

• animation, "The helical model - our solar system is a vortex," https://youtu.be/0jHsq36_NTU

• earth's speed, as it rotates, revolves around the sun, and moves through the universe in 6 different directions (http://www.thelivingmoon.com/41pegasus/02files/Speed_of_Earth.html)

○ 69,361 MPH Spin and Orbit

○ 43,200 MPH Towards Lambda Herculis

○ 15,624 MPH Perpendicular to Galactic Plane

○ 446,400 MPH Orbiting the Galactic Center {or Galactic Spin Rate}

-------------------

574,585 MPH Speed of Earth within Our Galaxy

So for every hour, your planet is moving half a million miles, and in several directions…

[Add] 1,339,200 MPH to the calculations. This is the speed the galaxy is moving through the universe.

[In one year, the earth's Milky Way galaxy travels 11,731,920,000 miles, ~11.5 billion miles]

• speed and distance of stars,  measured in parsecs: "one parsec is equal to about 3.26 light-years (31 trillion kilometres or 19 trillion miles) in length. The nearest star, Proxima Centauri, is about 1.3 parsecs from the Sun," http://www.bing.com/search?q=parsec&PC=SMSM&FORM=MBDPSB

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Flat Earth Theory, Summaries, General Information

IMPORTANT NOTICE: the following quotation can NOT be credited to Nikola Tesla, the engineering genius who designed our alternating current electrical system. An anonymous author wrote it to express what some Flat Earth proponents think is the mechanism which powers the earth and its sun and moon. Readers will please excuse its inclusion in an otherwise science-based analysis.

•Geocentric (Flat Earth): Sun and moon circle around Tropics, creating day & night, Seasons; See also -- Solar System/Sun, below. (Note, all models presented here are inexact illustrations of basic motions)

Electric Universe Theory, explains how earth and celestial objects function as an electrical system

1. Mount Meru Magnetic Mountain at the North Pole," https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNudvfIzNz0

Model: Earth's form and surface (flat surface, encompassed by Antarctic edge, stationary, geocentric system), maps, navigation

1. video, Flat Earth Planisphere: Earth's true form and the flat earth positioning system  https://youtu.be/8TAJpRfyCdc
2. video, MrThriveandSurvive, Flat Earth Basic Q&A - https://youtu.be/ZzQmGJp18uw
3. video, Mark Sargent, Flat Earth Clues Interview 1 -  https://youtu.be/Tx1FMHM_wbU
4. video,  K-Talk Taboo Conspiracy Thursday - NASA Fakery & Flat Earth with Mark Sargent, https://youtu.be/wEBILCLkV_k
5. video, Flat Earth Podcast with Eric Dubay and Mark Knight, https://youtu.be/f5aB6oThGK8
6. video, Matt Boylan, Flat earth conspiracy wikileaks nasa (Published July 13, 2012)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0TOYm90Xddc
7. video, Deepest Hole Ever Drilled - Secret and Surprising Findings https://youtu.be/bLLxfwgEbM0
8. map and article, "Charles Hapgood's Theory of Crustal Displacement," http://www.crystalinks.com/mapantarcticabuache.jpg,  http://www.crystalinks.com/crustal.html
9. article, The Shape of the Earth,"
11. video, "The Deepest Hole in the World," https://youtu.be/zz6v6OfoQvs
12. video, "FLAT EARTH WATCH!!! ANTARCTICA IS UPTURNED EDGES!!!,"           https://youtu.be/z-c7nqWeA-Y (see also, relief map showing altitude of Antarctica,  Greenland, ocean floors):http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/image/2minrelief.html

Maps and models of alternate earth forms

1. Flat Earth Maps, http://www.flat-earther.co.uk/flat-earth-maps/
3. image and video in article, JFK's situation room in 1962,  https://i2.wp.com/www.whitehousemuseum.org/west-wing/situation-room/situation-room-1962-office-2.jpg,                   https://conspiracyatwork.wordpress.com/2016/01/15/conspiracy-flat-earth-map-in-the-white-house/
4. image, Hollow Earth,"Agharta," http://www.thenewearth.org/MAP of Inner Earth .jpg
5. Pyramid control system and eye imagery,  https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/74/b4/96/74b496fe96dbe77570502def08d57f4b.jpg
6. Eyeball sculpture at Vatican, http://www.viewzone.com/he2-4.gif
7. artist's impression, Dyson sphere http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-DyjgqLbLDEE/Ti-OYdDOX7I/AAAAAAAAAn8/oG3kqUsMH18/s1600/Dyson%2Bsphere.png
8. video and map of land outside Antarctica, "Is This the 2nd Biggest Conspiracy of All - The recent rise of the Flat Earth Movement," https://m.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=hC-1kRQtSKg

Ancient cultures cosomology and word views

Curvature calculations for spherical earth

1. Earth Curve Calculator, http://dizzib.github.io/earth/curve-calc/index.html
2. Visual Line of Sight Calculations dependent on Earth's Curvature http://www.davidsenesac.com/Information/line_of_sight.html
3. Circle Sphere Earth Math Calculator, http://www.easysurf.cc/circle.htm#cetol1
4. table of curvature to 100 miles, http://i60.tinypic.com/2q80apl.png
5. Compute the Distance to the Horizon,  http://boatsafe.com/tools/horizon.htm
6. Earth Curvature for Highpointers, http://www.cohp.org/local_curvature.htm

Confirmations of no curvature: photographers, surveyors, military radar operator, airplane pilots, other professionals*

• Exhibit 1 - No Visible Curvature                                                                                                                         • Exhibit 4 - Airline and Submarine Pilots Do Not Account for Curvature                                                     • Exhibit 5 - Artillerymen, Naval Gunners, Air Traffic Controllers, Railroad and Industrial,                           Engineers, Surveyors, et al. Do Not Account for Curvature                                                                          • Exhibit 6 - The Cover-Up

1. article, "More Government Documents referring to a Flat Earth; NASA Reference Publication which refers to 'a stationary atmosphere over a flat, nonrotating earth,'"   http://whotfetw.com/blog/?p=104
2. video, "We all fly over a FLAT EARTH," -- SW24," https://youtu.be/8TL30VW5hJY
3. video, "Air Traffic Controller meets Flight Instructor on a Flat Earth - SW4 (Start at 2:30)   http:// https://youtu.be/-jML1pH0CX0
4. videos showing jet planes not adjusting for curvature                                                                        • "Airforce Jet Training Proves Flat Earth," https://youtu.be/QYXTL9quoUM                                • "Airplanes on a Spherical Earth: Flat Earth," https://youtu.be/Gy0TpQo4BJY
5. image with summary, "Pilots Never Account for Curvature," https://m.facebook.com/fematters/photos/a.439888952877511.1073741828.439175856282154/489419371257802/?type=3&source=54
6. image and article, "Pilots Never Account for Curvature,"  https://m.facebook.com/fematters/photos/a.439888952877511.1073741828.439175856282154/489419371257802/?type=3&source=48
7. article, - Robert Simmon - AKA Mr. Blue Marble - Conversations with Goddard,"  https://www.voat.co/v/Conspiracy/comments/749377
8. article, NASA Technical Reports Server, "Flat-Earth modeling is a desirable alternative to the complex spherical-Earth modeling process,"                          http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jspR=19850023280&hterms=flat+earth&qs=Nm%3D123%7CCollection%7CNASA%2520STI%7C%7C17%7CCollection%7CNACA%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchallany%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26Ntt%3D%2522flat%2Bearth%2522
9. article (National Reconnaissance Office website), search results for "flat earth,"          http://www.nro.gov/search.htmlcx=015590104425676775007%3Agytvgaaswoc&cof=FORID%3A10&ie=UTF-8&q=flatearth&sa=
10. quotation about "flat nonrotating earth," from Ames Research Center, NASA,  http://i.imgur.com/UZH7OK0.png, which appears in this document,  http://www.academia.edu/8258142/AIRCRAFT_FLIGHT_DYNAMICS_AND_CONTROL_Wayne_Durham
11. images from Sears Tower in Chicago,                                                                                                     •http://i67.tinypic.com/aervxu.jpg              • http://i63.tinypic.com/19pnpd.jpg
12. video, Rothbard's Mirror Experiment, repeating Rowbotham's Bedford Canal Experiment,    https://youtu.be/JJ3rYsddiV0
13. video, Rothbard's "Bonneville Salt Flats Curvature Experiment, https://youtu.be/afkT3f6sZuc
14. video, "See Oahu Sunrise from Kauai," [distance of 100 miles], https://youtu.be/SfTAn6NrGaY
15. article, world's longest aqueduct [should be impossible for water to run downhill on a globe],    http://m.spiegel.de/international/world/a-612718.html#spRedirectedFrom=www&referrrer=http://www.conspiracyoutpost.com/topic/2303-nasa-says-earth-is-round-wheres-the-proof/?page=403
16. image, aqueduct [see above article],  http://www.spiegel.de/pics/37/0,1020,1461337,00.jpg
17. video, (Triangulating with Google maps to prove equidistant cities), "Flat Earth BUSTS Google Earth! (Prove It Yourself) MrThriveAndSurvive,  https://youtu.be/HuKTENd1wTc
18. video, "How to Remove Fisheye from GoPro Hero Videos," https://youtu.be/3iIAPmzFH-Y
19. image, statement and picture of Dr. August Piccard, who described the earth as seen from the stratosphere as a flat disk with an upturned edge,  https://m.facebook.com/fematters/photos/a.439888952877511.1073741828.439175856282154/515061348693604/?type=3
20. video, "Flat Earth Double Proof" and photograph of Mount Rainier from Mount Brunswick at 193.8 miles away, https://youtu.be/LMYx-Ft8b6c
21. video, "The Flat Earth - Astonishing Confessions," (Gyroscopes) https://youtu.be/j2E832dI42A
22. video, view of New Orleans from across Lake Pontchartrain,     https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=02y4wkEFxPo
23. image, Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, 23.87 miles long, 380 feet of missing curvature, https://scontent-dfw1-1.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-xpt1/t31.0-8/fr/cp0/e15/q65/12698459_462795033920236_8668119608642346417_o.jpg?efg=eyJpIjoibCJ9

Views of Earth and/or Moon from Space

1. text summary, Post #3 below,                                                                                                          •Exhibit 2 - No Photos of Earth from Space                                                                                      •Exhibit 15 - The Horizon Remains at Eye Level No Matter How High You Go Up
2. video, "Apollo 11 Moon Landing Hoax; Camera/Video footage tricks,"   https://youtu.be/G5N2eLICRdk
3. article, "Data Visualizer and Designer Robert Simmon never thought that he would become “Mr. Blue Marble," (scroll to bottom of page)                                                       http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/about/people/RSimmon.html
4. video, Red Bull dive, https://youtu.be/eBYNfkZyGFU
5. ☆☆☆ animation, EPIC far side transit of moon in July 2015,  http://i2.wp.com/www.universetoday.com/wpcontent/uploads/2015/08/dscovrepicmoontransitfull.gif?resize=985%2C554, and video, http://youtu.be/URFrfNTkFSM
6. video, "V-2 Rocket Films Earth (1946)", https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=Sykfqa3MKAg
7. image and article, "View of Earth from a camera on V-2 #13, launched October 24, 1946,"http://www.airspacemag.com/space/the-first-photo-from-space-13721411/; image, http://thumbs.media.smithsonianmag.com//filer/33/d1/33d15156-47cd-4307-9c23-e3c8498539f5/1stphotofromspacejpg__600x0_q85_upscale.jpg__800x600_q85_crop.jpg
8. image, NASA, #68-HC-870, Apollo 8 view of rising earth, straight edge added to observe moon's horizon, http://i.imgur.com/mXDWr33.jpg
10. ☆☆☆ image, dogcam balloon at 20 miles, view from Mt. Everest,  http://www.whale.to/c/flat-earth-horizon-flat.jpg
11.  video, "Sexy clouds" Earth -- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tc7FvDnKEG
12. video, "FLAT EARTH VIEW FROM 317 000 feet - 96 km (NASA footage),"  https://youtu.be/l7BhcufC-5Y
13. image, "Come on, Nasa, make up your mind. What does earth really look like?"  http://api.ning.com/files/SdKs0vditdbbDeZvYiEnj*xWbxtOOFgb-532SWcLg0f5spBphmev75oGoXCC1wWX510WPUkxUxBJxr3JaHUesSyYR5KUdK*s/NASAsdifferentEarthspheres.png?width=450
14. image, differing size of US                    • http://4.bp.blogspot.com/brb1mKx00ps/T5BgWGDc_wI/AAAAAAAAAJU/qbS45HzIfY/s1600/bull+nasa+image.jpg                                                                                                       • http://i1096.photobucket.com/albums/g327/samuel_adams1/how%20big%20is%20america%20nasa%20outlined.jpg
15. image, 6 earth views from increasing altitudes, http://i.imgur.com/WU4huSq.png
16. image, 8 views of earth from 1967 to 2015,                                                                https://scontent-ord1-1.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-xaf1/v/t1.0-9/fr/cp0/e15/q65/10400529_469035413296198_2794825867189002207_n.jpg?efg=eyJpIjoibCJ9&oh=030bdb401eb7ec6d8b101d8cd5a33286&oe=57730689
17. ☆☆☆image, earth as seen from the moon in 1969 compared to 2015,  https://m.facebook.com/fematters/#!/fematters/photos/a.439888952877511.1073741828.439175856282154/469756279890778/?type=3&source=48&__tn__=E

Pole, Magnetism, Compass Navigation, Calculating distances

1. article, "Aviation (Flat Earth)," http://www.whale.to/c/long_haul_flights.html
2. article, "Rick's Flat Earth Proof [comparing distances by longitude],  http://fakeologist.com/2015/04/19/ricks-flat-earth-proof/
3. images and article, "Ley Lines on Flat Earth,"   https://flatgeocentricearth.wordpress.com/2015/12/02/ley-lines-on-the-flat-earth/

Earth's Movement or Lack Thereof

1. article, "The Earth Is Not Moving," (The Michelson-Morley Experiment/Airey's Failure),   http://www.atlanteanconspiracy.com/2011/11/earth-is-not-moving.html
2. video, "The stationary earth (pt2),freeanergy, http://youtu.be/Xr1nIswu3YE
3. articles, "Mathematical mysteries: Foucault's pendulum and the eclipse," • https://plus.maths.org/content/mathematical-mysteries-foucaults-pendulum-and-eclipse • http://www.faidherbe.org/~foucault/fichiers/pdf/theorie_allais_articles_2003.pdf
4. video about worldwide reports of the sun standing still in biblical times, "Joshua's Long Day,"  https://youtu.be/O0h5jYLvatM

Antarctica & Arctic

1. text summary, Post #3 below                                                                                                                   •Exhibit 17 - Admiral Byrd
2. image: photograph of hole at the North Pole,  https://tse1.mm.bing.net/th&id=OIP.M70a6ac366aa7e4ab113829a875283b69o0&w=256&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0
3. article and maps, "Rick Potvin's Virtual Circumnavigation of Antarctica to Decide if Earth is Global or Flat,"                                                                                                               http://rickpotvinflatearth.blogspot.com/2015/05/aerial-circumnavigation-of-antarctica.html
4. article with video, http://www.ancientdestructions.com/piri-reis-map-of-antarctica/
5. article, "Hapgood’s Theory of Earth Crust Displacement,"  http://www.skrause.org/writing/papers/hapgood_and_ecd.shtml
6. map, "1763 Buache Map of the Antarctic Continent or South Pole,"              http://www.bermuda-triangle.org/html/buache_map_examined.html
7. article and map, "Oronteus Finaeus map Antarctica ice free!"  http://www.ancientdestructions.com/oronteus-finaeus-map-antarctica-fineus/
8. video, debunks video claiming midnight sun in Antarctica,  http://Antarctica 24 hour sun DISPROVES the Flat Earth
9. video,"Flat Earth - Antarctica 24 Hour Daylight,"  https://youtu.be/Eem_Yv9a0I8
10. video, "Admiral Richard E. Byrd - South Pole Video Interview,"   https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=czW0iRJuH1A#
11. video, "Ancient Pyramids/Antarctica!" http:// https://youtu.be/jg0WDtDUGMg
12. video, "Antarctica is NOT a continent," Antarctica is NOT a continent. Tiger Dan Jumped Ship,"   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KrP1TtVPUoU
13. video, "The Arctic and Antarctic Prove Flat Earth,"   https://youtu.be/ckxLruRc0xA

Airplane Flights Consistent with Flat Earth

1. video, Emergency birth proves the Earth is FLAT,                             https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=OQnNh7HZ7rI
2. map showing flight path for flat earth baby, https://m.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1013102325397525&set=p.1013102325397525&type=3&theater
3. http://www.whale.to/c/long_haul_flights.html
4. image, No Flight Plans in the Southern Hemisphere, http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-QYJXIlT_TB4/VVlQN9yVSlI/AAAAAAAAEHg/2hZ4PbYvHdw/s1600/antarctica%2Bblog%2B-%2Bairline%2Bflight%2Bpaths%2Ball%2Bin%2Bn.%2Bhemisphere.jpg; from article,  http://rickpotvinflatearth.blogspot.com/2015/05/some-interesting-diagrams-and-photos-to.html
5. maps, flight plan from Africa to Australia,   http://res.cloudinary.com/dxr7zaefl/image/upload/c_scale,w_738/v1432146183/Flat-Earth-Cape-Town-to-Sydney_d645jq.jpg

Temperature, Atmosphere, and Weather

1. video, Balls Out Physics Episode 4.1: Virgin Galactic, Telecom, & Thermal Radiation, Brian Mullin,  https://youtu.be/J546LPkcUZM
2. text summary, Post #3 below: Exhibit 11 - Weather Patterns and Jet Streams Fit Perfectly on a Flat Earth
3. video, "Flat Earth Atmosphere Questuon," http://player.mashpedia.com/player.php?q=nST2btUA3Ck
4. See Post #3 below:
• Exhibit 7 - The Vacuum of Space Against the Atmosphere
•  Exhibit 8 - Fluid Dynamics vs. the Atmosphere Wheel

Geology

1. article, "The tsunami mode of a flat earth and its excitation by earthquake sources," http://gji.oxfordjournals.org/content/77/1/1

2. article and maps of the Ring of Fire,  https://flatgeocentricearth.wordpress.com/2015/12/04/ring-of-fire-earthquakes-on-the-flat-earth/

the Aether

1. video, Earth Has Never Moved & The Truth About The Aether,        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GN7v80q2H7g

Water & tides

1. text summary Post #3:  •Exhibit 3 - Water Seeks Its Own Level
2. article, The Atlantean Conspiracy," entry for Nov. 22, 2014, http://www.atlanteanconspiracy.com/2014/11/the-flat-earth-conspiracy.html
3. video, "Science's 'Tides for Idiots & Morons,'" https://youtu.be/5yiklY0AjNc
4. video,  "Flat Earth - Tides," FlatWater Backup Channel, http://youtu.be/zwopEk0DZnk
5. animation, wind and waves in Azimuthal Equidistant mode, http://earth.nullschool.net/#current/wind/surface/level/azimuthal_equidistant
6.  *** video, "What Causes Tides? (electric energies between sun, moon, and earth), https://youtu.be/xySivcw0jr0
7. video, "Cause of the Tides," https://youtu.be/ZgyV5Pgrdmo

Dome/Firmament

1. article, http://www.wildheretic.com/there-is-glass-in-the-sky/
2. video, "Scientists discover Earth’s Star Trek style invisible shield (The Firmament Glass Sky),"  http://youtu.be/mT4Xz2c2ItA
3. video, "Enoch's Domed World," https://youtu.be/R-Jpr3kGQXM

Perspective: horizon & visibility of distant objects

1. images, 10 Lighthouses of the World Prove The Earth is A Flat Plane, https://www.endalldisease.com/10-lighthouses-of-the-world-prove-the-earth-is-flat/
2. image, "Proof 76, From Genoa, Italy, Islands," (1) http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-3BNe3todgcM/Vb-SG7txWlI/AAAAAAAAQBs/WKAGycSMy1E/s400/genova.jpg,   http://www.atlanteanconspiracy.com/2015/08/200-proofs-earth-is-not-spinning-ball.html
3. image, Proof 71, "Chicago Skyline from Across Lake Michigan,"         http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-KvI8YmldH1k/Vb-RN3eOU5I/AAAAAAAAQBQ/-lfSkWXvfy8/s1600/11035683_702251386553055_8670428708932061960_n.jpg, http://www.atlanteanconspiracy.com/2015/08/200-proofs-earth-is-not-spinning-ball.html
4. video, red boat   http://youtu.be/awCx5ob04ZY
5. video, Boats Prove No Curvature - Earth is Flat, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zEqDbsPUgH8&index=22&list=PL8R7sUt1fYkDRv7Xw0Rh43F_-QJ1O5jjR
6. video, Flat Earth - The Wellington Harbour Curvature Test, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I0Umhx25-8g
7. video, Night Piloting Ships & Lighthouses Prove Flat Earth,  https://youtu.be/v1ghbNISeW0
8. video, EARTH IS 100% FLAT 3 EXAMPLES, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ExcBMb0Dh3Y&index=86&list=PL8R7sUt1fYkDRv7Xw0Rh43F_-QJ1O5jjR
9. video, Flat Earth Proof 3 - Land Ho!, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FWLOT3Tqi-Qf
10. video, "Stinky Cash, FLAT EARTH - Perspective and Horizons EXPLAINED," https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jj1AIZuUd_o

Science or Scientism

1. video, " Bill Gaede explains scientism, mathmagicians and how dogma is sold as SCIENCE.      https://youtu.be/rCL72cOmw8o

Coriolis Effect

1. video, Mr. Thrive and Survive   https://youtu.be/Wg2deAEhoF4
2. image, http://i130.photobucket.com/albums/p264/Nojaru/thecorioliseffect.jpg

Gravity

1. text summary, Post #3 below:                                                                                                    Exhibit 10 - No Change of Weight From the Equator to the North Pole
2. article, WaykiWayki, Gravity Does Not Exist, http://www.waykiwayki.com/2015/07/flat-earth-gravity-is-hoax.html
3. video, "Wallace Thornhill: The Long Path to Understanding Gravity | EU2015,"  https://youtu.be/YkWiBxWieQU
4. videos, "Flat Earth and Gravity Delusion, 2 parts," https://youtu.be/WorFu8sV9o
5. article and images, "Gravity Depends on Mass and Distance and Nothing Else, http://www.themoderngnostic.com/?page_id=56426
6. image, "How Earth's Non-vacuum Meets With the Vacuum of Space," https://planetruthblog.files.wordpress.com/2016/04/flat-earth-memes-78-11.jpg?w=870&h=265

Solar System: sun, moon, planets, comets, asteroids, meteors

Sun, Sunlight, Seasons

1. text summary, Post #3 below:  Exhibit 9 - No Worldwide Change of Stars When the Earth is at Opposite Sides of the Solar System
2. article, sun standing still and earth reversing rotation,      http://tmgnow.com/repository/secret/velikovsky2.html
3. * video showing sunset, with the sun shrinking on a false horizon,  https://youtu.be/F_n7z5G9vn8
4. animation, passage of sun and moon,     • http://rs23.pbsrc.com/albums/b382/qpiine/Flat Earth/tempwn0.gifw=480&h=480&fit=clip   • http://wiki.tfes.org/images/7/70/SunAnimation.gif
5. video showing a void of light, "130,000 feet. The sun is close and earth is flat,"  https://youtu.be/CxSJwiUoX2U
6. images, Crepuscular Sun's Rays to calculate the sun's altitude,  •https://i.ytimg.com/vi/kMdCAhoH1ns/hqdefault.jpg •http://www.trade2win.com/boards/attachments/trading-journals/185440d1424033149-my-journal-3-crepuscular1606_650x488.jpg
7. video, "Day and night side by side on a FLAT EARTH,"   https://youtu.be/BLV3QnMYjZc
8. image and comment that earth's movements do not account for star paths,   https://i.ytimg.com/vi/afsb39_6QF0/hqdefault.jpg
9. video, "Sunset Time Lapse From an Airplane - Negative Version," https://youtu.be/CcS6w4v3LQs
11. video,  "Flat Earth in plane site," https://youtu.be/C34zhMwHMcA
12. video, size of sun, "Sunset Time Lapse from an Airplane Newark to Moscow in 4 Minutes," http://youtu.be/7aA0yfQkfqw
13. video, "Heliocentric model DEBUNKED With Evidence," https://youtu.be/2lX-ZslGYrk
14. image, sunlight patterns by season, http://i40.tinypic.com/1zp48dh.jpg
15. video, "'Southern' Stars Finally Explained," https://youtu.be/_uSUj2Y3Ono
16. video, "The Antarctica Magnet," http:// https://youtu.be/CWkjpXrf_N8 https://youtu.be/CWkjpXrf_N8
18. video, "Zag-Zag Missing "Absolutely" Proves A Geocentric Earth (Sun revolves around Earth)," https://youtu.be/2paMX8al9vY
19. image, calculation for 3000-mile distance to the sun,   http://www.lhup.edu/~dsimanek/flat/flat1.gif,  which appears in "The Flat Earth" article, http://www.lhup.edu/~dsimane/flat/flateart.htm
20. article and images, "Basic Trigonometry to Calculate Distance of the Sun from FE Earth," https://aplanetruth.info/2016/04/28/basic-trigonometry-to-calculate-distance-of-the-sun-from-fe-earth/
21. video, "Flat Earth: Evidence of the Sun's Path" (including a solar radiation map and sun's effects on biomes),   https://youtu.be/8BEvcpwIOLU
22. video, "The Sun Sets Just Fine on a Flat Earth - The Maths Are Wrong,"  https://youtu.be/W0Gx1vD1CRE
23. video, "Sun, Moon & Earth Coincidences,"   https://youtu.be/k5h_qoHCn7k
24. video, [Sundials] "Light and Shadows Prove the Flat Earth,"  https://youtu.be/CbRIbIeKj7E
25. video, "The Dome Earth: an ELECTROLYTIC Battery," suggests how the sun moves by electromagnetic levitation, https://youtu.be/5XoqrJW1lhU
26. video (2 minutes),  "ACOUSTIC LEVITATION - 3D Mid-Air Acoustic Manipulation (2014),)  https://youtu.be/dhYFgDCsYMg

Moon, its size and distance from earth, a solid sphere or transparent disk

1. text summary, Post #3 below:  • Exhibit 16 - Moonlight is Cold and Uniform
2. video, exposes absurdity of the official distance to the moon, "100% Undeniable Proof the Moon is Close & NASA Lies,"  https://youtu.be/0aNEuXmGW2Q
3. article/discussion, moon craters as pits made by electrical arc discharge,  http://www.fefriends.com/discussion.php?topic=2808&page=1&pos=2
4. article, "The Moon: An Unexplained Phenomenon,"  http://www.redicecreations.com/article.php?id=26468
5. article, "The Lunar Eclipse" [and the Shadow Object],             http://www.theflatearthsociety.org/tiki/tiki-index.php?page=The+Lunar+Eclipse
6. article, "Moon Transparent," http://www.sacred-texts.com/earth/za/za63.htm
7. video, "The Flat Moon Over the Flat Earth," (stars and planets visible through moon's surface), https://youtu.be/fH7BjIzXWOg
8. animation, "The moon 9-20-2015,"  http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=e41_1442877023
9. video, WaykiWayki Flat Earth - The Moon - Old Malfunctioning Sun - Cataclysm     http://youtu.be/udROktSKYA4Shadows & Eclipses
11. image, Astronaut on moon with Flag and tiny Earth in Background,    http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_04kZGR_ltmE/Ssj9_izSc8I/AAAAAAAAExA/_6MZA8gkh0A/s1600/Astronaut_Harrison_%27Jack%27_Schmitt,_American_Flag,_and_Earth_%28Apollo_17_EVA-1%29.jpg
12. image, sizes of moon and Earth, http://s3.postimg.org/gjutiuw0m/earth_moon_size.gif
13. image, observations of moon from opposing hemispheres,   http://guanolad.com/stuff/moon_orientation.jpg
14. video showing spin of moon, "Moon As Directional Luminary Circling Flat Earth,"  https://youtu.be/yCXM5MyQtug
15. video, "FLAT EARTH DENIERS HATE THIS ONE THE MOST" (shows how the moon should not be visible on both sides of the globe at the same time),   https://youtu.be/q-V5_GFnvuk

Planets

1. video, "Planets Don't Exist! Flat Earth TRUTH Revealed,"  https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=jM1Ano--UYM
2. article, Retrograde Movements of Planets, http://wiki.tfes.org/Planets
3. video, "NASA's Fake CGI Ball Planets," https://youtu.be/q8tIm-fxE_s
4. video, "The Real Venus Above Flat Earth,"   https://youtu.be/Jp1TxJhHpZQ
5. images, multiple, "Frequency of the Heavens: Cymatics, Bio & Sonoluminescence, actual stars and planets,"  http://whotfetw.com/blog/?paged=2

Eclipses, Selenelions/Selenehelions, the Eclipser -- This section includes the hidden object of our geocentric system (Rahu, Nibiru, Dark Twin, Second Sun, other names for earth's third satellite)

1. video, "Huge Eclipse on SDO Shows Transparent Object!"  https://youtu.be/xbAxK3KlgYo
2. article, "How Do Eclipses Occur When Sun and Moon Are Overhead? (selenelion or selenehelion), https://aplanetruth.info/2015/10/23/how-do-eclipses-occur-when-sun-and-moon-are-overhead/
3. "NASA had to explain the impossible ECLIPSE- And FAILED!" https://youtu.be/f76XT7nbARQ
4. article, "Cause of Solar and Lunar Eclipses," http://www.sacred-texts.com/earth/za/za29.htm
5. video, "Total Eclipse of the Mind,"      https://m.youtube.com/watchfeature=emsubs_digest&v=m0dDw-8Nhow#

Space: Stars, & Constellations

1. video, "Flat Earth and Real Stars,"  https://youtu.be/hdNFo5eWf9g
2. video, " Frequency of the Heavens: Footage of actual stars and planets," (Cymatics, Sonoluminescence, Bioluminescence, Harmonic Resonance of water, Light, the electromagnetic firmament and the waters above), http://youtu.be/AJJ_z6pwUrE
3. article, "stars disappear at high altitude," http://www.wildheretic.com/disappearing-stars/
4. video, "Flat Earth Southern Hemisphere Stars - Explained,"  https://youtu.be/8ryWArr82SE
5. video,"Flat Earth Star Rotation, https://youtu.be/h6tZksMNty8
6. video, "Flat Earth-100%- Proven True, https://youtu.be/AwT1ce_nr9o
7. image, "Can a \$600 Camera See an Object That's 1.7 BILLION Miles Distant,"     https://www.facebook.com/fematters/photos/pb.439175856282154.-2207520000.1465584538./513728272160245/?type=3&theater
8. video, "Anti Crepuscular Sun Rays are KEY to Southern Star Rotation FLAT EARTH,"   https://youtu.be/t30-YbayyXE
9. article, "History/Prehistory" of star charts going back to 32,000 years, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_chart
10. how distances to stars are calculated:                                                                              • trigonometric parallax:  http://earthguide.ucsd.edu/virtualmuseum/ita/06_3.shtml                   • critique of astronomy's methods: Kings Dethroned, p. 56 - 60,   http://www.archive.org/stream/kingsdethronedhi00hickrich/kingsdethronedhi00hickrich_djvu.txt
11. video, No "Space Weather Threat" Without Space... [Executive Order -- Coordinating Efforts to Prepare the Nation for Space Weather Events], https://youtu.be/zGh27tIdHFs

Impactors: comets, astroids, meteors (see above:

1. article, "[Galactic] Superwave Theory Predictions and their Subsequent Verification," http://starburstfound.org/predictions-part-1/
2. article about comets (the Great Chicago Fire of 1871), http://www.sott.net/article/148414-Comet-Biela-and-Mrs-O-Learys-Cowarticle, "Clube and Napier: Coherent Catastrophism," http://www.pibburns.com/catastro/clubenap.htm
3. video, "Flat Earth, Comets, Meteors, and Asteroids," https://youtu.be/cksKfOvszFY
4. video, "Meteor hitting the flat earth glass dome," https://youtu.be/UMSHXqbHUos

Space Program: Rockets and Satellites, including ISS, Hubble, STEREO

1. text summary, Post #3 below                                                                                                   Exhibit 12 - International Space Station (ISS) Fakery
2. article with numerous pictures (Hubble, ISS, space program), http://www.wildheretic.com/hubble-and-the-international-space-station-hoax/
3.  article, "The Human Space Travel Hoax 1959-2015,"                        http://heiwaco.tripod.com/mo ontravel.htm
4. video, "NASA International Space Station Construction Footage Fakery," https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=ub4CaMmcPz4
5. article, photos of rockets arcing back to earth, video, "Space Travel Is Impossible Because There Is No “Space,”                                                                       http://www.themoderngnostic.com/?page_id=56426
6. images, rocket arcing back to earth,  re-entry with with parachute,  • http://i2.wp.com/www.themoderngnostic.com/wpcontent/uploads/2015/08/suborbitalflight.jpg?zoom=2&resize=448%2C60s                                                                  • http://www.themoderngnostic.com/?page_id=56426                                                                       • https://scontentord11.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotosxpf1/t31.08/fr/cp0/e15/q65/12828564_473024222897317_3882576608713289195_o.jpg?efg=eyJpIjoibCJ9
7. image, temperatures in exosphere, http://www.albany.edu/faculty/rgk/atm101/tprofile.jpg
8. image, chart showing temperatures in thermosphere where satellites orbit,   http://www.toyotanso.co.jp/introduction/images/carbonABC_2_1.jpg
9. video about temperatures in space vacuum, "Flat Earth Vacuum Experiemt - Heat Transfer,"  https://youtu.be/XUNuYRti7CM
10.  image, earth's atmosphere by altitude,  http://img.docstoccdn.com/thumb/orig/38708794.png
11. article, http://www.cluesforum.info/viewtopic.php?t=1632&p=2385409#p2385409
12. videos, http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=satellites+hoaxes&FORM=HDRSC3&PC=SMSM
13. video," Satellites and the flat earth ... my ideas, Could it be Very Likely!"         https://youtu.be/_Ay6L5MJw60
14. "NASA's Robert Simmon AKA Mr Blue Marble ADMITS NO PHOTOGRAPHS OF EARTH," http://youtu.be/SA89iDq7PzE
15. video, "NASA ISS Astronauts Zero Gravity Fakery Fully Exposed Using Zero-G Planes & Computer Morphing," https://youtu.be/aY90k_3VNW8
16. article and images, "The ISS Is Fake," http://whotfetw.com/blog/?p=8961
17. video, "Stanley Kubrick Confesses To Faking The Moon Landings,"  https://youtu.be/rR4pf6pp1kQ
18. article and/or images earth land features that match pictures from Mars and the moon            • hills in Hawaiian <> hills on moon in Apollo mission,                                   http://epiphanyoftruth.com/the-hawaiian-moon-mountain-and-picture-frenzy/                             • hill on Ireland <> hill on Mars, with Rover in foreground,                             http://4.bp.blogspot.com/dt9ZdJbSt90/Vmv9km6EVmI/AAAAAAAAb6w/zhLkfwWA6nE/s1600/fake%2Bmars%2Bpicture%2B%25E2%2580%2594%2BIreland%2Bturned%2Binto%2BMars.png
19. image, Apollo missions on moon, "How Could They See the Earth Over the Moon's Horizon and Take Pictures of It?     https://scontentdfw11.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.09/13256538_503673079832431_6990290720492341898_n.jpg?oh=5d98e2b069b95aeb88ef006c989ef5a6&oe=57CC79E3
20. image, comparing radio signals from moon landing  to radio stations on earth,                              https://scontentdfw11.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.09/13177755_1611304172522304_2034835628023201889_n.jpg?oh=aaabba8ede6114d5ceea8da0cdd32db4&oe=57D369E4

Creator/s, God or Aliens?

1. article - pdf file, The Alien Races Book, http://projectavalon.net/The_Alien_Races_Book.pdf

WHY the lies?

1984, George Orwell, pertinent excerpt below: http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Authors/Part_Three_1984.html

O'Brien silenced him by a movement of the hand. "We control matter because we control the mind. Reality is inside the skull. You will learn-by degrees, Winston. There is nothing that we could not do. Invisibility, levitation-anything.  I could float off this floor like a soap bubble if I wished to. I do not wish to, because the Party does not wish it. You must get rid of those nineteenth century ideas about the laws of nature. We make the laws of nature.". . . .

"But the whole universe is outside us. Look at the stars! Some of them are a million light-years away. They are out of our reach forever."

"What are the stars?" said O'Brien indifferently. "They are bits of fire a few kilometers away. We could reach them if we wanted to. Or we could blot them out. The earth is the center of the universe. The sun and the stars go round it.". . . . When we navigate the ocean, or when we predict an eclipse, we often find it convenient to assume that the earth goes round the sun and that the stars are millions upon millions of kilometers away. But what of it? Do you suppose it is beyond us to produce a dual system of astronomy? The stars can be near or distant, according as we need them. Do you suppose our mathematicians are unequal to that? Have you forgotten doublethink?"

Sources, Transferred from Post #2

• Science Reference Guides, The Flat Earth and its Advocates: A List of References - The Library of Congress >> Researchers, August 23, 2010  http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/SciRefGuides/flatearth.html• Library of Congress, Chronicling America, Historic American Newspapers,  http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/search/pages/results/?page=60&ortext=&andtext=&phrasetext=&proxtext=flat+earth&proxValue=&date1=1836&date2=1922&year=&sort=relevance&dateFilterType=yearRange&state=&lccn=&rows=20&sequence=-

Flat Earth Gallery, Memes, Other Visual Aids

* A Plane Truth; Plane Not a Planet, https://aplanetruth.info/

* Flat Earth & Other Hot Potatoes, https://www.facebook.com/Flat-Earth-And-Other-Hot-Potatoes-1617332451880920/

Sources, text articles, websites, discussion boards

• Frequently Asked Questions -- http://www.flat-earther.co.uk/faq/

• Earth Curve Calculator -- http://dizzib.github.io/earth/curve-calc/index.html

• Eric Dubay’s 200 Proofs --  http://www.atlanteanconspiracy.com/2015/08/200-proofs-earth-is-not-spinning-ball.html

• The Modern Gnostic: The Occult Roots of NASA, http://www.themoderngnostic.com/?page_id=52011

• Rick's Flat Earth Proof -- http://fakeologist.com/2015/04/19/ricks-flat-earth-proof/

• The Flat Earth Society -- http://www.theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=50167.0#.VfsgwJdm7Rk

• The Wild Heretic ( glass sky page) -- http://www.wildheretic.com/there-is-glass-in-the-sky/#comment-13769

• Yellow Rose for Texas -- https://outofthisworldx.wordpress.com/2015/03/28/the-domed-flat-earth-spaceship-adam-1414/

• The Hollow Earth -- http://hollowplanet.blogspot.com/

• Alien Shift -- http://alienshift.com/id52.html

• The Skeptic’s Dictionary -- http://www.skepdic.com/hollowearth.html

• The Hollow Earth - Fact or Fiction - VJ ENTERPRISES -- http://www.v-j-enterprises.com/holearth.html

• Anonymous on the Reptilian Illuminati -- https://reptilianilluminati.wordpress.com/2014/01/27/the-hollow-earth-theory-the-concave-earth-theory/

• Galactic Connection -- http://galacticconnection.com/concave-earth-theory/#sthash.eI4PXUfm.dpbs

• The Tamarack Mines Mystery -- http://www.lhup.edu/~dsimanek/hollow/tamarack.htm

• “Earth Hoax,” Before It’s News -- http://beforeitsnews.com/strange/2014/11/earth-hoax-part-2-of-2-

• theres-no-ball-in-the-global-2459010 html?currentSplittedPage=2

• Zen Gardner, A Beginner’s Guide to the Flat Earth Theory -- http://www.zengardner.com/beginners-guide-flat-earth-theory/

• Plane Not A Planet -- http://aplanetruth.info/about/

• The Geocentric Gnostic -- http://www.thegeocentricgnostic.com/?p=1841

• website, "What Happened on the Flat Earth This Week; the Official Blog of Whotfetw.com" -- http://whotfetw.com/blog/?cat=126

Books/eBooks

• Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe, Samuel Birley Rowbotham

• The Flat-Earth Conspiracy, eBook, Eric Dubay --http://www.lulu.com/shop/eric-dubay/the-flat-earth-conspiracy/paperback/product-21889483.html

• One Hundred Proofs That the Earth is Not a Globe, William Carpenter

• The Flat Earth and its Advocates: A List of References -- http://loc.gov/rr/scitech/SciRefGuides/flatearth.html

• The Human Space Travel Hoax 1959-2015 -- http://heiwaco.tripod.com/moontravel.html

• Circle_of_the_Earth_Investigation_web, free eBook, Daniel Valles, (written from a Christian point of view; offers scientific facts-- http://www.flatearthproof.com/2015/12/

• Geocentrism 101: An Introduction into the Science of Geocentric Cosmology, 4th Edition, Robert A. Sungenis

• The Greatest Lie on Earth, Proof That Our World Is Not a Moving Globe, eBook and preview, https://books.google.com/books?id=4_VqCwAAQBAJ&lpg=PA194&dq=situation+room+white+house+map+earth&source=bl&ots=N-hSW8XY-F&sig=r1gaTGmbDaDtXEYji4W_sFZcN-M&hl=en&sa=X&output=reader&pg=GBS.PA190#v=onepage&q=situation%20room%20white%20house%20map%20earth&f=false

• eBook, "Paradise found, the cradle of the human race at the North Pole : a study of the primitive world"  -- http://publicdomainreview.org/collections/paradise-found-the-cradle-of-the-human-race-at-the-north-pole-1885/

• web page with video links, "The Enlightenment of the World," by John G. Abizaid -- http://thefullertoninformer.com/the-enlightenment-of-the-world-by-john-g-abizaid/

• Kings Dethroned, a history of astronomy, Gerrard Hickson,  https://ia902705.us.archive.org/12/items/kingsdethronedhi00hickrich/kingsdethronedhi00hickrich.pdf

Creation Myths (earth created from primordial waters)

• Gnostic Sophia Myth, Archons vs. Luminous Child (Humanity), http://www.metahistory.org/GAIA%20SOPHIA/PlanetaryMyth.php

. "The World-Mill; The Meginwerk of the Ancient Germanic Cosmos," http://www.germanicmythology.com/original/cosmology5.html

• Enuma Elish (Sumeria), http://www.sacred-texts.com/ane/enuma.htm

• Popul Vuh (Mayan), http://www2.fiu.edu/~northupl/populvuh.html

• Genesis (Hebrew), http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scopes/gen1st.htm

• (Norse, Egyptian, Japanese, Native Americans, others): watery nothingness, oily primal ocean/soup, egg; http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/Ca-Cr/Creation-Stories.html

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A 50-Point Case for the Flat Earth

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PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS THREAD IS OUT OF DATE AS IT HAS BEEN MOVED AND IS NOW CONTINUALLY UPDATED AT THE FOLLOWING ADDRESS:

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Introduction

Like many others, I entered the flat Earth debate because I wanted to debunk this insane theory for the sake of my conspiracy-minded friends.  I was going to save legitimate flat earthers from a seemingly obvious government Psychological Operation (PSYOP) meant to forever discredit "conspiracy theorists" everywhere.  I truly believed that the leading flat earthers were likely government agents who wanted to discredit, by way of guilt by association, anyone who doubted the moon landings, 9-11, Sandy Hook, the Boston Bombing, vaccinations, etc.

From politicians to even "conspiracy theorists," nearly everyone derides flat earthers.  For example, Obama preached, "We don't have time for a meeting of the Flat Earth Society," (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XB9--MF0tx0) and derogatorily referred to Republican candidates as people "who would have been founding members of the Flat Earth Society" (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rsz3uLxTwQs) (please note that the Flat Earth Society is very likely a front organization used to present a controlled weak argument for the flat Earth).  On the other side, you have "independent" Joe Rogan (a former moon landings skeptic) who loves to make fun of flat earthers "obsessing over nonsense," conservative Alex Jones who referred to the flat Earth theory as "clearly ridiculous" (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmOB36NuvDw).  Unbelievably, Neil deGrasse Tyson even said that influential flat earthers are dangerous to democracy and "harmful to the health, the wealth, and the security of our citizenry" (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHBZkek8OSU).

Only crazy and dangerous imbeciles would ever consider the arguments of the flat Earth?  You can see boats disappear behind a curvature?  You can see the curvature from an airplane or high mountain?  Boats would fall off the edge of the Earth, right?  And all of those photos of the Earth, how can anyone doubt NASA?

That's where I began - to expose once and for all the silliness and supposed PSYOP origins of the flat earth movement.  I continually researched, considered, pondered, and somewhat hoped to uncover the falsehoods of the flat earth movement.  After several weeks and dozens of hours later, it didn't happen; instead, I found many valid arguments in favor of the flat Earth - arguments that were not being answered effectively by mainstream science.  In the end, the evidence supporting the flat Earth was more compelling and far exceeded the evidence supporting a globe Earth.  As you will see, the evidence in support of a globe Earth is mostly scant, intellectually vacuous, refutable, and often based on little more than name calling and "scientific" conformity.

I am asking you, as a reasonable thinking person to consider the following 50 arguments in favor of the flat Earth theory.  For a quick visual of how the flat Earth model works, please watch this short video from Rob Skiba: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R52_PdZlSq8.  I fully understand how ridiculous it sounds to you.  Indeed, for someone to say that the Earth is flat sounds so awful that it may even shock you to your core as though someone attacked one of your most cherished beliefs.  But ask yourself, why is it so offensive?  Logically, it shouldn't be offensive at all but society has made it extremely taboo, why?  Why has the globe been equated with intelligence and been thrown in your face in thousands of television shows and movies?  Why does astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson and others equate influential flat earthers with terrorists instead of just using it as an opportunity to let everyone scientifically prove our underlying cosmos?  You should ponder these questions.

If I am wrong, and I could be, at the very least you'll gain a much better understanding of how the world works as you logically defend the "official" model.  But don't let years of conditioning since you were a child prevent you from allowing scientific inquiry; true science would always welcome such questions but mainstream "science" has devolved into something similar to strict religious conformity that makes no allowance for independent thought or questioning.

I have no stake in this investigation other than the truth.  Being very new in very recent history, the flat Earth theory doesn't have an answer for every question but if we all work together we may be able to create a true model of the Earth.  If I am wrong, then I would appreciate well-reasoned counter arguments instead of irrelevant Wikipedia talking points or just pathetic name-calling.  There isn't a legitimate flat earther out there who wouldn't welcome being proven wrong because the implications of control and widespread ignorance are so frightening.  As for me, I believe it is more likely than not that we live on a flat Earth and so I now refer to myself as a flat earther.  If you can, please prove me wrong and pull me out of this rabbit hole.

"He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him."

- Proverbs 18:13

Flat Earth Overview

Before progressing into the 50 exhibits proving the flat Earth, I recommend you watch all of the videos below as an overview.  These videos will provide a good understanding of many arguments and counter-arguments underlying the flat Earth.

Exhibit 1 - No Visible Curvature

The fact that the curvature has not been witnessed by anyone but NASA and other space agencies is one of the strongest pieces of evidence in support of the flat Earth and it has not been debunked by anyone.  You can test this evidence yourself with an ultra-zoom digital camera which makes this evidence very dangerous to the official story.  What astounds nearly everyone is how much curvature there is based on the "official" dimensions of the alleged globe Earth and how this curvature should be easily detectable not only by instruments but also by just everyday life.  For example, did you witness a hump of earth 755 miles tall (or 3,985,350 feet) when you took that flight or drove from Los Angeles to New York (distance of 2,445 miles)?  Did you witness a sloping tall mountain of 6,666 feet when you recently drove just 100 miles or did the world seem flat to you (excluding mountains, hills, valleys, etc.)?  The telescopic measurements reach the same conclusion - there's absolutely no detectable spherical Earth curvature.  Furthermore, no one ever taught you the Earth's curvature math at school or college, why?  Every engineer, surveyor, mathematician, artillerymen, and astronomer should have a thorough understanding of the curvature and cite exactly how much curvature there is per mile and be able to demonstrate it through simple experimentation and measurement, but no one does, why?

If you're new to the flat Earth and are still skeptical (and you should be), you may argue that you have seen boats disappear over the curvature or that you saw the curvature from an airplane.  However, these common knee-jerk responses you heard in school are provably wrong.  First, you can bring the boats, hull and all, back into view with a powerful telescope.  The boats are disappearing behind the atmosphere, not a curvature and the video proof is compelling. For example, here's a cargo ship, only visible by a telescope, that should have disappeared behind the curvature long ago but instead became obscured behind the atmosphere (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awCx5ob04ZY) and as a result of perspective (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pjm_oeN5j1g).  The fact that boats disappear behind the atmosphere (not the curvature) also explains why objects cannot be viewed across extreme distances on a flat Earth with a powerful telescope (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63bK7AnWNWw).  In short, MANY objects that should be hidden sometimes behind thousands of feet of curvature are clearly visible with an ultra-zoom camera and the official excuses of refraction and looming are insufficient explanations.

Second, in addition to there being no measurable curvature at the ground, there is no curvature at an altitude of at least 121,000 feet as proven via video of weather balloons and others.  For example, see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQITXbcz2hg (121,000 feet) or even 470,000 feet (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqzQMr1ijYE).  Thus, you did not see a curvature in an airplane at 30,000 feet and very likely witnessed an optical illusion caused by a curved window.  Besides NASA and other space agencies, what about all of those photos and videos showing a curvature of the Earth from parachutists, airplanes, weather balloons, etc.?  All of those photos and videos of the supposed Earth's curvature were filmed with fish-eye or wide-angle lenses, like the GoPro, which created a false curvature effect.  This isn't a theory because you can easily witness the distortion as the alleged curvature alters between convex and concave during the Felix Baumgartner jump or any other GoPro footage.

How do you calculate the curvature of the Earth?  The distance below the curvature (how much of the object should be hidden behind the Earth) is calculated by squaring the distance to the object in miles and multiplying the answer by 8 inches: "To find the curvature in any number of miles not given in the table, simply square the number, multiply that by 8, and divide by 12."  Remember, this is trigonometric math based on the "official" globe model dimensions.  This is easy math that every child should know.  We all learned that E=mc2 (which is never used) but have never learned how quickly objects dip below the curvature - simple math that can be demonstrated and proven across schools everywhere?

As shown below, after the first few miles, the curvature becomes so great that there should be no difficulty in detecting it.  This can be tested on land as well as you can see mountains in the far distance that should be substantially below the curvature but never are (as seen in this video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gPgYTP7tf74). This curvature chart is proven accurate but it is IGNORED by everyone.  At just 10 miles away, easily visible with binoculars, you should see a visible 66-foot drop in the horizon, but you don't see it.

Curvature Table

Miles Away                                    Math                                                  = Drop

1                                                     1 x 1 x 8                                              = 8 Inches

2                                                     2 x 2 x 8                                              = 32 Inches

3                                                     3 x 3 x 8 / 12                                       = 6 Feet

4                                                     4 x 4 x 8 / 12                                       = 10 Feet

5                                                     5 x 5 x 8 / 12                                       = 16 Feet

6                                                     6 x 6 x 8 / 12                                       = 24 Feet

7                                                     7 x 7 x 8 / 12                                       = 32 Feet

8                                                     8 x 8 x 8 / 12                                       = 42 Feet

9                                                     9 x 9 x 8 / 12                                       = 54 Feet

10                                                   10 x 10 x 8 / 12                                   = 66 Feet

20                                                   20 x 20 x 8 / 12                                   = 266 Feet

40                                                   40 x 40 x 8 / 12                                   = 1,066 Feet

60                                                   60 x 60 x 8 / 12                                   = 2,400 Feet

80                                                   80 x 80 x 8 / 12                                   = 4,266 Feet

100                                                 100 x 100 x 8 / 12                               = 6,666 Feet

120                                                 120 x 120 x 8 / 12                               = 9,600 Feet

Curvature calculator:   https://dizzib.github.io/earth/curve-calc/

This is an AutoCAD version of the Earth's curvature (proving the above math is correct):  http://flatearthfiles.com/index.php/file/4-earth-curvature-autocad-chart-with-excel-formula

From islands, buildings, mountains, to lighthouses, there are many examples of objects that should be below the curvature from the observer's point of view but are clearly visible.

A great video from bmisb69 who methodically shows two more islands off the coast of California that should be well below the curvature.

In the following video, Oahu is visible from Kauai - approximately 100 miles away.  Based on the spherical model, 4,559 feet of Oahu should be hidden below the curvature.  The highest point on Oahu is 4,003 feet but the whole island is clearly visible in the photograph.

Here's amazing footage of different islands off the coast of Wellington Harbor in New Zealand.  Many of the islands should be ENTIRELY below the curvature but aren't.

Beginning at 10:16, Jeranism provides a few examples of how boats do not disappear behind the curvature.

In the next video, a weatherman accounts for a photograph of the Chicago Skyline from Michigan as a "Mirage."  Ridiculous!

Footage from Felix Baumgartner and two different weather balloons (very high) that show a flat horizon.

Rob Skiba shows that there is no curvature at even 130,000 feet.

Many examples of objects that are visible but should be far below the purported curvature.

Start at 8:36 to see other examples of objects that should be below the curvature.

The following video was created to DEBUNK the flat Earth; instead, Reds Rhetoric again proved that ships disappear behind the atmosphere, not a curvature (watch at 2:40 to see the sail disappearing behind the atmosphere).  Waves and swells can make hulls disappear on boats as closer waves that are zoomed-in can obscure the now tiny boat further away.  Globalists use this to their advantage in various videos but you must move beyond the globalist videos and watch all of the videos here to make your own determination.

At 12 miles out, the ship in the next video should have disappeared behind the horizon but it is still visible.  Waves do begin obscuring the bottom portion of the boat as it get further away (the waves closer to the photographer become bigger in relation to the size of the boat) but the entire boat should have disappeared.

Felix Baumgartner's jump at supposedly 128,000 feet.  The flat horizon is seen right at the beginning of the video (taken from inside the capsule).

More footage of Felix Baumgartner's jump with clear indication (at 3:55) that the video was taken with a fish-eye lens (the horizon bends from concave to convex).

Here's a video from the Air Force that shows a flat horizon at supposedly 317,000 feet.  I don't believe it went that high but the claim and the footage is extraordinary.

Here's a video of a letter written from a truck driver that describes his experience and belief that he has never seen a curvature of 750+ miles between Los Angeles and New York.

Under the globe model, radio towers, which operate under direct lines of sight, would have to impossibly transmit through hundreds of feet of Earth (watch at 9:56).

Exhibit 2 - No Photos of Earth from Space

Did you know that NASA admits that all of the photographs from 1972 to 2012 were faked to meet "people's expectations"?

All of us have seen dozens of photographs of the Earth from space, right?  Unfortunately, each of those "official" photographs is provably false.  The photographs were made by CGI, paintings, and composite photographs - nothing more.  NASA has even admitted that nearly all of its photographs of the Earth were fake and based on "people's expectations."  Again, this was shocking to me - I thought there were hundreds of legitimate photographs of the Earth, but there aren't and the ones that are "official" have unmistakable errors (e.g., repeating cloud patterns, changing land mass sizes, clouds that span the entire diameter of the Earth, the word "SEX" spelled out by the clouds, etc.).

The most famous photograph of the Earth ("The Blue Marble") was allegedly taken in 1972 by Apollo 17 during the obviously faked moon landings and so that photograph must also be fake.  All of the remaining pictures are admitted paintings and artist CGI renditions.  In addition, many alleged time-lapse videos of the Earth's rotation have failed to show morphing clouds as the Earth rotated, an unequivocal impossibility.  However, CGI is getting better and morphing clouds have been recently included by an alleged Japanese satellite but the video still seems to have distinct errors and may be nothing more than weather radar superimposed on a spherical picture of the Earth.  Also, if NASA and other space agencies lied continually for the past 50 years, why should we now believe them?

In the following video and article, NASA's Robert Simmon (aka Mr. Blue Marble) admitted in 2012 that NASA's photographs of the whole Earth from space (from 1972 to 2012) were fake and based on "people's expectations":

"The last time anyone took a photograph from above low Earth orbit that showed an entire hemisphere (one side of a globe) was in 1972 during Apollo 17 .... Then we wrapped the flat map around a ball.  My part was integrating the surface, clouds, and oceans to match people's expectations of how Earth looks from space.  That ball became the famous Blue Marble."

This isn't a conspiracy theory - NASA admitted on its own website that it FAKED its photographs of the Earth to match your mistaken beliefs.  That is how propaganda works, NOT science.

If you really want to know what utter nonsense NASA tries to pass as real footage, watch the recent alleged video of the moon crossing the Earth.  According to NASA:  "This animation features actual satellite images of the far side of the moon, illuminated by the sun, as it crosses between the DSCOVR spacecraft's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) and telescope, and the Earth - one million miles away."  Try not to laugh because this "real" satellite footage is painfully fake.

On Apollo 11, the crew, which was supposed to be approaching the Moon, clearly attempted to fake a picture of the Earth (with a cloud that spans the entire diameter of the Earth) by using the circular window of their high-flying craft just above the Earth to frame a circular Earth.  If Apollo 11 faked this and man did not go to the Moon (as proven by many points of evidence), why would you believe the Apollo 17 "The Blue Marble" photograph is real?

For many examples of the fake photos of the Earth, begin watching at 11:40.

One hyper-realist artist, Mathew Boylan (aka Math Powerland), has come forward and convincingly said that he was a freelance hyper-realist artist for NASA and painted "photos" of distant planets, etc. that were used by NASA as "real" photographs and that the cartoon blue of the oceans of the Earth is an impossibility.  His sole testimony would not be of substantial value except for the fact that Boylan's claim only confirms NASA's admission above that the photographs were faked.  In addition, Boylan claimed that upper-level NASA employees told him at a party that the Earth was flat.  Here's Mathew Boylan's interview as an alleged NASA insider followed by a subsequent comedy routine.

NASA admits that the "real" photos of Earth are just composites.

NASA's recent "real" photo of the Earth includes the word "SEX" in the clouds (watch at 0:50).

More fake photos of the Earth (watch at 11:45).

Exhibit 3 - Water Seeks Its Own Level

The natural physics of water is to be level; even a small child can prove the same.  However, mainstream science wants you to believe that an invisible force, which cannot be replicated, detected, or proven in a lab, is responsible for bending oceans, lakes, and rivers and has created uniform spherical bulges in water measuring thousands of miles deep.  When I first heard about the flat Earth, I assumed that gravity was well-proven in a lab since science says that gravity constitutes the driving force behind the formation of the universe.  I was shocked to find out that gravity has never been proven and remains an unsubstantiated theory.  Gravity is a farce that was created ex nihilo to only explain why we're not flung from a ball spinning at 1,000 mph.  Gravity, as commonly understood, simply doesn't exist and you can try an experiment yourself.  Stand next to a large mountain or cliff and dangle a rock from a string.  Does the rock move horizontally towards the mountain even if you place it millimeters away from the face of the cliff?  Nope, the rock only dangles perpendicularly towards the ground and has zero attraction towards that mountain.

In the next video, Yoda, among other good arguments, points out that water on a sphere is impossible (start at 2:23).

Here, Know the Truth shows how water in a lake forms a level plane and has no curvature.

According to Eric Dubay's "200 Proofs Earth is Not a Spinning Ball" (http://www.mediafire.com/view/l679prcg097ny8u/200_Proofs_Earth_is_Not_a_Spinning_Ball%21.pdf):  "Rivers run down to sea-level finding the easiest course, North, South, East, West and all other intermediary directions over the Earth at the same time. If Earth were truly a spinning ball then many of these rivers would be impossibly flowing uphill, for example the Mississippi in its 3000 miles would have to ascend 11 miles before reaching the Gulf of Mexico .... One portion of the Nile River flows for a thousand miles with a fall of only one foot. Parts of the West African Congo, according to the supposed inclination and movement of the ball-Earth, would be sometimes running uphill and sometimes down. This would also be the case for the Parana, Paraguay and other long rivers."

"The surface of all water, when not agitated by natural causes, such as winds, tides, earthquakes, etc., is perfectly level.  The sense of sight proves this to every unprejudiced and reasonable mind.  Can any so-called scientist, who teaches that the earth is a whirling globe, take a heap of liquid water, whirl it round, and so make rotundity?  He cannot.  Therefore it is utterly impossible to prove that an ocean is a whirling rotund section of a globular earth, rushing through 'space' at the lying-given-rate of false philosophers." - William Thomas Wiseman, "The Earth An Irregular Plane."

Exhibit 4 - Airline and Submarine Pilots Do Not Account for Curvature

If the Earth was a sphere, airplane pilots would have to constantly correct their altitudes by dipping their nose downward to account for the curvature of the Earth.  At a normal cruising speed of 500 mph, a commercial airplane pilot would would have to repeatedly dip the nose of the plane downwards and descend 2,777 feet every minute or the plane would quickly fly into space.  Airplane pilots never perform this action.  Gravity doesn't solve this problem because gravity could supposedly pull the entire plane down but could not pull the nose downward more than the rest of the plane. So, even if gravity could somehow keep the plane at the same altitude around a spinning ball, the nose of the plane would eventually be pointing towards space.  Again, this can be tested yourself - get on a small airplane and level it out in the air and pay no attention to the horizon as you just maintain that exact same angle.  After about 45 minutes, if the spherical model is correct you should have to make a correction of nearly 6,000 feet to return to the same altitude; instead you will remain perfectly level with the ground.  Submarine captains say the same thing - they make the submarine level and maintain that angle for hundreds if not thousands of miles and never accidentally launch out of the ocean due to a failure to consider curvature.

As shown in the video below, at a distance of 200 miles (only 30 minutes of flight) a jet would be 5.1 miles higher than when it started if the jet flew level.   Could you imagine how difficult it would be to keep nudging the nose downward when your just a few dozen feet over the surface.  How does gravity account for this when the aircraft are at widely varying heights and speeds?

This next video is popular on YouTube and details an airline pilot's experience with seeing objects that should be well beyond the curvature and other facts supporting a flat Earth (start at 4:29 to skip the boring introduction).

Here, a flight instructor confirmed that he flies over a flat Earth (the interview starts at 11:40; at 31:00 the pilot says that even flying distances of up to 300 miles that nothing changes with respect to an alleged curvature).

An experienced retired NAVY submarine Chief confirmed that no curvature is taken into account as he helps pilot submarines over hundreds of miles at flat levels below the ocean (at 10:45, the submarine Chief confirmed the same via an introductory letter; the interview starts roughly at 11:15).

Exhibit 5 - Artillerymen, Naval Gunners, Air Traffic Controllers, Railroad and Industrial Engineers, Surveyors, et al. Do Not Account for Curvature

But it doesn't end with airplane pilots and submarine captains.  Naval gunners and artillerymen do not account for curvature.  Missiles make no adjustment for curvature.  Targeting lasers "light up" targets that should be thousands of feet below the curvature as calculated under the spherical model.  What about surveyors, railroad, and other industrial engineers?  Again, no curvature is ever taken into consideration (except in textbooks) as actual plans do not account for curvature over even hundreds of miles.  For example, in order for the Australian train racks to span across the entire continent, the curvature between the two edges would be approximately 750 miles high - and yet the railroad engineers don't account for a curvature of 750 miles.  Also, large canals like the Suez and Panama Canals were constructed with no adjustments for curvature.  These facts are simply impossible on a spherical Earth.

Naval Missile Instructor - No Curvature.

U.S. Army Artillery Operator - No Curvature.

Industrial Valve Expert - No Curvature.

This is a major proof by an air traffic controller.  Air traffic controllers can monitor airplanes from the one airport's radar as far away as 350 miles away until the planes have even landed.

Exhibit 6 - The Cover-Up

From fake photographs of Earth and space, to 24-hours of daylight in Antarctica, to FAKING the curvature even when there clearly isn't one, NASA and other official groups are deliberately DECEIVING the people about the globe model.  For example, the first video below shows that this deception is intentional as they took video from a weather balloon showing a flat horizon and artificially (with software) bent the photographs to make the Earth appear spherical.  The Felix Baumgartner jump is another example (videos earlier in Exhibit #1).  The one picture of Felix taken from inside the capsule as the door is opened shows a flat horizon but the actual jump photos and video were made with wide-angle lenses which are evident from the distortion of the curvature as the horizon line alternates between concave and convex.  Further in the videos below, you will see unmistakable and intentional DECEPTION associated with the 24-hours of daylight in Antarctica - if there was no 24-hours of daylight in Antarctica, then the globe would have to be false.

In the next video, the editors purposely changed a flat horizon into a curved horizon to fit the spherical model.

If there were no 24-hours of daylight days in Antarctica like in the Arctic, then without question the globe model would be false.  However, the repeated fakery is evident and constitutes a damning proof that the globe model is a lie.  Why else would they fake these 24-hours of daylight other than to hide the truth about the "official" model?

In the next video from DITRH, he shows how they deliberately FAKED a major video of the alleged 24-hours of daylight in Antarctica.  This is 100% proof of fraud - why would that be necessary if the model was true?

Here are two more videos proving fakery associated with the purported 24-hour days in Antarctica (for the first video, begin watching at 1:48).

Here's another example of using a fish-eye GoPro camera to produce a deceptive spherical Earth.  The distortions are clear but the curved picture of the Earth was still advertised on mainstream websites everywhere.

Rob Skiba again shows that there is no curvature at even 130,000 feet but also points out how often fish-eye lenses are used to fake the curvature.

Exhibit 7 - The Vacuum of Space Against the Atmosphere

According to the official model, the vacuum of space surrounds our atmosphere and yet our atmosphere isn't sucked out into this enormous vacuum.  What holds the atmosphere in place?  Supposedly, gravity is the answer but our common sense says that gravity generated by the mass far below, which should have very little effect on the low-mass atmosphere, could not counteract the more powerful force resulting from the immeasurably immense vacuum of space.  One must also ask why the Moon's claimed gravitational pull has no effect on the Earth's atmosphere but still causes the tides.  Global theorists counter that the mass of the atmosphere is so little that the Moon wouldn't have an effect on it; but if that's the case, how does the gravitational pull of the Earth counteract the powerful vacuum of space if gravity has so little effect?  Nature abhors a vacuum (horror vacui) and any pressure seeks to equalize with its surroundings and mainstream science has no good explanation of how our atmosphere parallel to a very large vacuum is maintained.

The following video discusses the above argument and makes some other excellent points.

DITRH presents proof that a vacuum is much more powerful versus gravity.

Exhibit 8 - Fluid Dynamics vs. the Atmosphere Wheel

According to the spherical model, the entire atmosphere moves synchronously, like a solid wheel, with the ground that is spinning at approximately 1,000 mph.  This is pure nonsense!  First, imagine a model of the globe Earth being placed in a swimming pool and begins spinning at speeds over 1,000 mph.  Empirical experience tells you that the water would quickly begin spinning around the sphere as well.  However, the speed of the water would NEVER be synchronous (like a wheel) with the spin of the ball.  Now imagine that you're looking down at the spinning ball in the swimming pool.  The water closer to the ball would move much faster than the water further away and the water would form a spiral like a whirlpool around the ball as the ball spins in the pool; you would NEVER see the water spin like a wheel connected to the ball like spokes connected to an axle of a bicycle.  This whirlpool motion is fluid dynamics and if the spinning sphere model was correct, our atmosphere would most certainly behave like a whirlpool but doesn't.  In fact, we see ZERO evidence of the fluid whirlpool dynamics of a spinning atmosphere.

Second, because the mass of the atmosphere (already very low) substantially decreases as you get higher in elevation, the increasingly lower mass atmosphere (the higher you go up) would necessarily be impacted less by the claimed gravitational pull of the Earth and so the atmosphere could not move synchronously with the ground.  Among other problems, this raises the skydiver problem.  High-altitude skydivers should end up hundreds of miles away from their targets but always fall where they started (excluding weather patterns).  Weather balloons can stay high up in the atmosphere for hours (up to 130,000 feet) and still manage to fall nearly where they were launched.  How is this possible?  Watch the following video from My Perspective:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kUNqH0smC8.  Similarly, excluding wind and other weather, volcanic eruptions always shoot straight up into the air; however, logic says that if the Earth was spinning, the top of the plume should be well pointed away from the rotation of the Earth if the Earth was indeed spinning at 1,000 mph.

Third, if the ground was spinning at 1,000 mph, the top of the atmosphere would have to be moving at a ridiculous speed of roughly 10,000 mph (the ISS supposedly travels at 17,000 mph) to keep up with the Earth far below - it would be very difficult to re-enter Earth's atmosphere from space.  In short, the wheel-like or synchronous theory of the atmosphere makes no sense and violates the testable and empirical principles of fluid dynamics.

Watch the plumes of these volcanic eruptions and try to explain to yourself how these plumes rise straight up into the air over the ground that is supposedly spinning at 1,000 mph.

Exhibit 9 - No Worldwide Change of Stars When the Earth is at Opposite Sides of the Solar System

Under the sanctioned model, the Earth revolves around the Sun and is at opposite sides of the Sun every 6 months.  Now, imagine or sketch a picture of the Earth on the left of the Sun and a second Earth (6 months later) on the right side of the Sun.  For both Earths, the daylight of the Earth will always be pointed towards the Sun in the center.  For the Earth on the left side of the Sun, daylight will always be on the right side.  For the Earth on the right side of the Sun, daylight will be on the left side.  Therefore, nighttime on the Earth will point in opposite directions away from the Sun every 6 months.  Accordingly, the Earth should have a substantially new set of stars every 6 months.  To be clear, although the stars do shift between the northern and southern hemispheres, the stars remain constant for the entire Earth.  Meaning, on any given night, you could traverse the Earth from the northern to the southern hemisphere and you would pretty much see every star and constellation out there.  This should be impossible under the heliocentric model as approximately 40% of the nighttime sky should be obscured by the Sun until the Earth reaches the other side of the Sun.  Because the Earth is necessarily facing a substantially different nighttime sky every 6 months under the globe model, the stars should be approximately 40% different - they're not.  This proves that the Earth does not move and so the entire heliocentric model of the solar system is wrong.

Exhibit 10 - No Change of Weight From the Equator to the North Pole

We are told that gravity keeps us from being flung from the Earth as it rotates at nearly 1,000 mph. However, the speed of the Earth's rotation is admittedly much less at the poles than at the equator.  There's no question here - the speed of rotation must be less at the poles since the ground at the poles does not traverse as much distance than the ground at the equator every day.  Because you're moving much faster at the equator, you need more gravity to keep you from being flung from the Earth to offset the centripetal force.  Because you're moving much slower at the poles, you should need much less gravity to keep you from being flung from the Earth.  Accordingly, it seems that gravity would have to be stronger at the equator (to keep you from flying into space) and a weight should weigh many times more at the North Pole (where no centripetal force is causing you to be flung from the Earth but only the force pulling you towards the ground remains) than it would at the equator; or, someone who was at the north pole would be able to jump up like he's on the Moon should he travel to the equator.  But there here is no change in weight.  A few naysayers have argued that the weight change should be only approximately 0.3%, due to the smaller radii at the poles, but a 0.3% change is still measurable and no evidence of weight change has ever been witnessed.  In addition, no one has ever felt or measured the ten fold change in the centripetal force caused by the spin versus the pull from gravity as they traverse the alleged globe.

Exhibit 11 - Weather Patterns and Jet Streams Fit Perfectly on a Flat Earth

Have you ever noticed that the jet streams and weather patterns plotted on a globe or a recognized map make absolutely no sense.  Take those same jet streams and weather patterns and place them on a flat Earth map and see what happens.  Ocean currents and temperature patterns form concentric circles that fit perfectly where the Sun and Moon make their spiral rotations around the flat Earth. Moreover, because the Sun and Moon are plowing through the atmosphere (flat Earth model) approximately at the equator circle, it make sense as to why storms often spin in opposing directions in the northern and southern hemispheres.

Watch at 1:02.

Exhibit 12 - International Space Station (ISS) Fakery

Multi-layered CGI is making NASA fakery much better but big mistakes are still being made with the footage on the ISS.  Permed hair that does not flow like it should in zero gravity, bubbles on space walks, lighting mistakes, obvious use of harnesses, impossible rotations of cameras, astronauts almost drowning in space, etc.  These BIG mistakes point to the obvious - if NASA, et al. are faking any of it - then they are probably faking all of it despite the theatrical effects.

To begin with, the ISS "tracking" system on your computer is a COMPLETE fabrication.

According to the heading of the next video:  "The International Space Station, just like everything else brought to us by NASA, is a Freemasonic hoax, a complete fabrication done with special effects, models, pools, zero G planes, and various camera tricks. The following video exposes key points of evidence for the hoax and breaks down exactly how the illusion is created and maintained."  The harness at 1:50 is classic!

With clips from the movie Gravity, you can see that multi-layered CGI can make anything look real and allows for minutes of prolonged fakery on the ISS, which is becoming more common.  Watch at the beginning and at 4:43 for how Sandra Bullock appears to be floating through the ISS.  Our space agencies may have other CGI methods as well to create prolonged "weightless" movement on the ISS.

Here's an article describing the incident where the astronaut almost drowned while on a alleged space walk at the ISS.  Common sense says that the astronaut almost drowned in NASA's admitted giant spacewalk testing swimming pool.

No reasonable person should believe NASA and in the ISS after watching this HUGE mistake of the wandering and wobbling moon which was supposedly filmed on the ISS.  Again, if they obviously faked this footage, why should we believe any of it?  Why would any footage be fake if the ISS was real?

Jeranism points out some obvious lighting and directional mistakes of the ISS (to skip the introduction, start at 1:50).

Another video from Jeranism.  Begin at 18:57.  In addition to lighting mistakes, the movement of the camera with the background is simply impossible at 19:35.

Watch at 4:18 and see one of the many examples of clear CGI errors on the ISS.

Watch at 3:33 where we get very conflicting reports from different astronauts ("the sky is almost white with the light of the universe with the uncountable number of stars" vs. "I don't remember seeing any [stars]").

So what are people seeing when they look at the ISS through a telescope?  Yoda speculates that it's a hologram (start at 5:37).  Others argue that the it's a balloon in the upper circular jet stream or a U-2 spy plane (NASA has one - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4fqrGzML1BA, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLsHVKgndrA) with extra attachments or projection technology.  Maybe it's a combination of methods?

Look at this impossible photograph from the ISS.  The whole diameter of the Earth is framed in the photograph.  The ISS is only 220 miles above the surface - the photograph is 100% fake.

Exhibit 13 - The Space Shuttle Hoax

Was the Space Shuttle an advanced space craft that could enter low-Earth orbit or a combination of a model (which was ditched off into the ocean at launch) and a peculiar looking jet that was used only at landing and incapable of even low-Earth orbit?  There is substantial evidence of Space Shuttle fakery including one video where the Space Shuttle disappears at launch.  Was the Challenger Disaster a real event or a hoax?  It seems as though the Challenger Disaster astronauts are still very much alive; some with even the same name.  Have you ever asked yourself why every schoolchild was required to be tuned in at the time of the Challenger Disaster - a bit coincidental don't you think?  Supposedly, the Space Shuttle acts as a glider when it falls from space.  It certainly doesn't look like a glider and the videos below seem to indicate that the Space Shuttle had jet engines that don't seem to come from any escort jet.  Once you do the research, it becomes pretty evident that the Space Shuttle, along with the continuing ISS scam, was only a repeated hoax bought and paid for by the American taxpayer.

Dmurphy25 asks some very poignant questions especially whether the Space Shuttle really is a glider during its descent as claimed by NASA.

Clear sound from the Space Shuttle's jet engines.

More problems of the Space Shuttle and more proof that the Space Shuttle is not a glider but a jet pretending to be a glider with escort jets.

Is the Space Shuttle Challenger crew still alive?  This compelling video says that the crew is still alive and many received comfortable teaching jobs in exchange for their deceptive efforts.  Compare to this weak "debunking" article from Snopes (http://www.snopes.com/politics/conspiracy/challenger.asp).  Do you really think that these are just doppelgängers with the same names and twins?  What are the odds?

Jungle Surfer makes some very valid points regarding the silliness of the Space Shuttle as it sits on a flimsy structure on takeoff.

Laughable footage of the Space Shuttle with a man's head accidentally next to the small model.  Again, if they faked this one, then they probably faked all of it.

The Space Shuttle with a support beam.

The disappearing Space Shuttle (watch at 6:53).

In the next video, the Space Shuttle looks like a reinforced balloon or model with a visible tether pulling it up (probably tethered to another jet outside the view of the camera).  Do you really think that this would have worked with a craft with a real weight of 165,000 pounds attached to a Boeing with only those tiny automated rods?  I'm pretty certain that the Boeing, which was not made for carrying weight on top, would have collapsed under the extreme weight of the Space Shuttle.

Here is a video from Jeranism showing a bunch more ridiculous clips of NASA's repeated fakery involving the Space Shuttle.

Do you think the Space Shuttle actually went into space?  Check out these two launches (all rockets take this trajectory).  This also indicates that the Hubble Telescope is fake as well.  SS52 has compiled many of these launch videos.

As a comparison, look at this amateur rocket launch that goes straight up.

More proof of fakery associated with rocket launches.  In this case, a person (or object) accidentally casts a shadow in front of the rocket and then bumps the rocket as it moves abnormally in front of the CGI earth (begin watching at 5:00).

Exhibit 14 - No Complete Shift Between Night and Day When the Earth is on Opposite Sides of the Sun

A mean solar day (the time required for a single rotation of the Earth on its axis with respect to the Sun) is 24 hours.  How many degrees does the Earth rotate in one solar day?  Common sense says that the Earth should rotate 360 degrees.  However, if the Earth rotated 360 degrees per day, every 6 months, night and day would be opposite.  Again, think of the Earth on the left side of the Sun.  Daylight on the Earth would be on the right side, i.e., pointed towards the Sun on the right.  Pick up the Earth in that same position and place it on the right side of the Sun (like the Earth just traveled across the solar system after 6 months).  The daylight side, which was on the right side of the Earth 6 months earlier, would now be pointed away from the Sun and be night, i.e., day and night would have shifted entirely.

Of course, mainstream science recognized this obvious problem and came up with an answer and a new word for it.  According to the official model, the synodic day is the period during which Earth rotates one time relative to the Sun. This rotation is supposedly slightly more than 360 degrees, because the Earth has to rotate a little extra (beyond a full 360 degrees) in order to reach the starting point relative to the Sun. This is the day we allegedly experience.  Under this model, if the Earth rotates 361 degrees per day, day and night would not switch every 6 months.  In other words, official "science" recognized the above problem and revised the model to make it fit but "science" did not answer why the Earth would maintain a perfect day/night balance and spin 361 degrees per day?

What are the astronomical odds that the Earth rotates perfectly just to keep day and night from switching as the Earth moves to the other side of the Sun; why would gravity care whether night and day shifted every six months?  Is this how science has worked over the last 500 years, the model becomes unworkable and so "science" contrives preposterous facts to fit the presumed model.  In other words, the presumed but false model controls the facts and not the other way around and so we get "facts" that were only created to maintain a mistaken model.  Official "science" has become nothing more than circular reasoning.  As Joseph Jastrow said, "Create a belief in the theory and the facts will create themselves."

Exhibit 15 - The Horizon Remains at Eye Level No Matter How High You Go Up

Some have a difficult time grasping this argument but it essentially means that if we lived on a sphere, as you go higher up (e.g., in an airplane), the horizon should get lower from your view and should not remain at a horizontal eye level; you should have to tilt your vision downwards to see the horizon the higher you get.  Why?  Because the Earth would have to necessarily curve downward on a sphere and the downward angle would increase the higher you go up but this doesn't happen.  The horizon always remains flat and at eye level no matter how high you travel up.  A horizon that remains at eye level and flat should be impossible on a ball.

In the following video, Rob Skiba demonstrates via computer animation what the horizon should do on a flat plane vs. a sphere.

Here's a video of a flight at 41,000 feet - the horizon always remains at eye level.  This video also shows another hot spot from a Sun that is supposed to be 93 million miles away.

Exhibit 16 - Moonlight is Cold and Uniform

The fact that moonlight is cold does not necessarily prove that the world is flat but it does evince that we aren't being the told about the truth of our reality and a cold moonlight certainly does not meet the "reflecting sunlight" claim of mainstream science.  The experiments have been repeated across our flat Earth (there are a dozen videos) and it's becoming a near 100% proven fact that moonlight is a strange cold light even taking into consideration the possibility that heat can be trapped in shadowed areas.  Also, there is no hot spot on the moon. Take a globe and shine a light on it and the side closest to the light will be brighter than the other parts of the globe. However, the moon's light, where it is lit, is uniform.

Admiral Byrd (1888-1957) was a well-respected naval officer, aviator, and explorer.  In the video below, Admiral Byrd discussed an astonishing discovery on the "other side" of the South Pole in Antarctica - an unexplored and the "most valuable" land mass greater in size than the United States with plentiful resources, especially coal.  Admiral Byrd's testimony certainly does not fit the globe model of Antarctica and raises a very possible reason of the deception - i.e., to hide land from the people and keep the people psychologically locked behind make-believe fencing.  Shortly after Admiral Byrd's statements, Antarctica was shut down by treaty to all commercial ventures.  No country has ever tried to challenge the treaty even at the height of the Cold War and its borders remain guarded with warships.

Exhibit 18 - The Lunar Wave

Crrow777 is the discoverer of the Lunar Wave and deserves all of the credit.  The Lunar Wave is a phenomenon that has now been filmed on over a dozen occasions and seemingly proves that the Moon is something different than what we're being told.  It is not a camera artifact and not explainable by mainstream science.  Indeed, the Lunar Wave seems to evince that the Moon may even be hologram or a rear projection but that is only speculation but is supported by the fact that the Moon may be transparent at times.  As expected, mainstream science has ignored this fascinating discovery because it does not fit the "official" model.

For the best video example of the Lunar Wave, watch at 8:30.

Exhibit 19 - Tides and the Moon

Our controlled "science" says that the Moon's gravitational pull causes the ocean tides.  How can the Moon move oceans but has no effect on anything else, including large lakes (has very little effect) and rivers?  Also, the Moon's position seems to have no logical bearing on where the high tides are located.  You would expect that the tides would clearly follow the Moon if they're being pulled by the gravity from the Moon; however, the tides don't exhibit such a relationship.  Furthermore, the tides simultaneously occur on the opposite side of the alleged globe, i.e., away from the Moon (through some 8,000 miles of ground).  How does official "science" explain this phenomenon?  Officials nonsensically say that the entire ground of the Earth is pulled up by the Moon which causes the ocean water to bulge at the opposite side from the Moon.  Preposterous!  Official "science" discovered another glaring problem with the tides and contrived absolutely silly "facts" - the daily Earth bounce - an immeasurable movement that has never been measured, felt, detected in relation to the stars, or had an impact on the Earth's orbit.  But of course, the Moon's gravity has no effect on the Earth's atmosphere, airplanes, weather balloons, rivers, lakes, the ISS, etc. but can still pull the ocean water even on the opposite side of the Earth by way of the Earth's daily bounce?  Remember that just because official "science" has a ridiculous explanation does not mean that the explanation is genuine.

For the official story of the daily Earth bounce, watch at 5:34.

In the following article, WaykiWayki discusses many issues with respect to gravity, the tides, and the moon.

Exhibit 20 - Plane Flights Over the Southern Hemisphere

Flight patterns between cities on different continents over the southern hemisphere are VERY strange on a globe model but make perfect sense on a flat Earth.  Non-stop flights between major cities in the southern hemisphere appear to be relatively rare and somewhat difficult to book.  Instead, the vast majority of the flights in the southern hemisphere take inexplicable and very long v-shaped detours to the northern hemisphere.  Also, no GPS tracking is available for these southern hemisphere flights.  Are the very few bookable non-stop flights between southern hemisphere cities even real or do they just end up with a "detour" after the flight is booked?  It's difficult to find out since the GPS is turned off for these flights.  However, it should be noted that there is no agreed model of the flat Earth and so making conclusive determinations from this Exhibit are still problematic.

Mark Sargent's famous video addressing the planes in the southern hemisphere issue.

StinkyCash addresses the fact that GPS is turned off for flights over the southern hemisphere.

More demonstrations of the fact that non-stop flights over the southern hemisphere between continents are extraordinarily rare (start at 2:04).

Interesting evidence that the non-stop flights between continents in the southern hemisphere are not real.

Exhibit 21 - The Sun is Not 93 Million Miles Away

Time lapse videos, trigonometry, and crepuscular rays prove that the sun cannot be 93 million miles away.  For example, when you're high enough, you can even see that the Sun appears to start at a near point and grows many times bigger as it passes over the camera and then reduces in size as the Sun moves away toward the vanishing point.  This would be impossible if the Sun was 93 million miles away.

Interestingly, the Sun setting over oceans appears much different than the Sun setting over land.  Over an ocean, the Sun appears bigger and warped and seems to be sliced from the bottom up.  Over land, the Sun shrinks to a point if there are no obstructions (e.g., mountains, hills).   The difference is caused by the fact that the water vapor and haze over the ocean is much thicker and creates a "melting" illusion.  Watch this video from Jamie Newton:

Another terrific time lapse video (this time from an international flight) proving that the Sun is not 93 million miles away.

The whole now 10-part series by Shahzwar Bugti is terrific, but here's footage of a hot spot made by the Sun (Dog Cam footage) which proves that the Sun cannot be 93 million miles away (watch at 3:59).  Globulists say that it's a reflection but it doesn't look like a reflection or act like a reflection as proven in the second video below from P-Brane.

Here's another time lapse video of the winter Sun in Fairbanks, Alaska that shows a shrinking Sun.

A video shared by DITRH (made by Zeteticism DotCom) that shows how the Sun increases and decreases in size throughout the day - an impossibility if the Sun is 93 million miles away.

Here's a time lapse video of the Sun on a flight provided through StinkyCash.  Clearly, the Sun decreases in size as it moves towards the horizon and the decrease in size has nothing to do with mere degrees of luminosity in the atmosphere.

From MrThriveAndSurvive:  "When the record is checked - there is NO SYMMETRY with advancing light and darkness on the earth. Symmetry is geometry's mandate for a round sphere turning once on its axis in a given period of time. There is no acceleration or deceleration in this 'spin'. When date and time is analyzed for advancing sunrise and sunset, we find huge anomalies that can't be explained other than the sun moving over a flat plane and changing in its apparent height during the day. This opens up the possibility of looking at the flat earth map with some possible modifications, explains why time seems to work with the amount of daylight and darkness no matter how far north or south you are. A chance in the altitude of the sun answers many problems that are present with the globe model and it also totally eliminates any hope for a concave model to work."

In the following video, an individual took the super-zoom Nikon P900, with a sun filter, and measured the change in diameter of the Sun over about 80 minutes.  Clearly, the Sun is not 93 million miles away.

My Perspective demonstrated that the Sun is not 93 million miles away as proven by the hot spot and shadow during a full solar eclipse.

Exhibit 22 - No Star Parallax

The Moon and the stars supposedly vary in distance over hundreds of thousands of light years away.  However, the Moon and the stars all seem to move at the same uniform speed during the nighttime sky.  In short, parallax says that closer objects should move quicker across the sky than objects much further away.  For example, as you have driven you may have noticed that trees a few hundred yards move across your field of vision much quicker than the distant mountains in the background - that's parallax.  Despite the extreme differences in distances, there is very little parallax with the stars and the Moon, not visible to the naked eye, and the parallax we have goes impossibly in opposite directions (positive and negative).  In the following video, Jeranism covers the lack of star parallax and the work of Tycho Brahe.

Ashlee Webster shows how the stars and the Moon travel at about the same speed across the sky even though they have different distances of up to hundreds of thousands of light years.

Exhibit 23 - The Selenelion (Horizontal Eclipse) Problem

The fact that a horizontal eclipse or selenelion even exists seriously calls into question the origins of lunar eclipses.  A selenelion occurs when there is a lunar eclipse but the Moon and the Sun are both above the horizon.  This is not geometrically possible.  Officially, this is supposedly caused by light refraction.  In other words, mainstream science has no clue and so made up the refraction excuse to explain it away.  Again, as Joseph Jastrow said, "Create a belief in the theory and the facts will create themselves," no matter how unbelievable the supposed facts are.

In the following video, MrThriveAndSurvive demonstrates that a selenelion is impossible under the spherical model.

Exhibit 24 - Airy's Failure

In 1871, G.B. Airy used a telescope filled with water as an intended method to slow the light of stars to confirm the heliocentric model.  Unfortunately for the globulists, Airy's water-filled telescope failed to prove the Copernican model and confirmed geocentricism.  Of course, "official" excuses are out there but the "failed" test results remain.

Exhibit 25 - The Arctic Nights and Days Problem

Arctic 24-hour nights/days from a Sun 93 million miles away is VERY problematic for the official model and should be impossible.

The wavelike motion of the Sun over the arctic during the 24-hour daylight period is seemingly also impossible on the spherical model.

Here's a video from TheMorgile who effectively argues that the Sun should appear at the same approximate spot in the sky and should not be spinning around the horizon.

Exhibit 26 - Discrepancies between the Northern and Southern "Hemispheres"; Other Equator Problems

In addition to those fakery issues surrounding the alleged 24-hour daylight days in Antarctica discussed herein, there are other problems between the northern and southern "hemispheres."  First, the climate of the Arctic and the Antarctic are very different.  Antarctica is nearly devoid of life in contrast to the Arctic regions.  This makes no sense under the globe model.  According to Eric Dubay's "200 Proofs Earth is Not a Spinning Ball":

"Antarctica is by far the coldest place on Earth with an average annual temperature of approximately -57 degrees Fahrenheit, and a record low of -135.8! The average annual temperature at the North Pole, however, is a comparatively warm 4 degrees. Throughout the year, temperatures in the Antarctic vary less than half the amount at comparable Arctic latitudes. The Northern Arctic region enjoys moderately warm summers and manageable winters, whereas the Southern Antarctic region never even warms enough to melt the perpetual snow and ice. On a tilting, wobbling, ball-Earth spinning uniformly around the Sun, Arctic and Antarctic temperatures and seasons should not vary so greatly.

Iceland at 65 degrees North latitude is home to 870 species of native plants and abundant various animal life. Compare this with the Isle of Georgia at just 54 degrees South latitude where there are only 18 species of native plants and animal life is almost non-existent. The same latitude as Canada or England in the North where dense forests of various tall trees abound, the infamous Captain Cook wrote of Georgia that he was unable to find a single shrub large enough to make a toothpick! Cook wrote, “Not a tree was to be seen. The lands which lie to the south are doomed by nature to perpetual frigidness - never to feel the warmth of the sun’s rays; whose horrible and savage aspect I have not words to describe. Even marine life is sparse in certain tracts of vast extent, and the sea-bird is seldom observed flying over such lonely wastes. The contrasts between the limits of organic life in Arctic and Antarctic zones is very remarkable and significant.”

Second, white nights are experienced throughout the northern "hemisphere" and are well-celebrated; such white nights do not seem to occur at the same southern parallels as no hotels celebrate the event in southern Chile.  Search on the internet for "white night parties Russia" vs. "white night parties Chile" and see the huge difference for yourself.

Third, in addition to temperatures and life, there are issues with the stars as well.  The North Star is visible far below the equator and has been seen as far south as South Africa as some have claimed.  In contrast, the Southern Cross is not visible above the equator - although disputed on the internet, several explorers (including Alexander von Humboldt) even said that the Southern Cross was not visible above the 16th south parallel.

According to Samuel Rowbotham: "[C]onstellations Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, and many others, can be seen from every meridian simultaneously; whereas in the south, from the equator, neither the so-called south pole star, nor the remarkable constellation of the Southern Cross, can be seen simultaneously from every meridian, showing that all the constellations of the south - pole star included - sweep over a great southern arc and across the meridian, from their rise in the evening to their setting in the morning."  Zetetic Astronomy, page 219; http://www.sacred-texts.com/earth/za/za48.htm.

Finally, the equator itself poses a problem for the globalists as the Earth is supposedly titled 23.4 (it is noteworthy, that by adding 66.6 - an occult number - to the Earth's alleged tilt, you get 90 degrees).  Therefore, the Equator is above or below the direction of the Earth's orbit.  This raises serious problems as to the globalists' explanation of how the waters around the Equator are much hotter and how the supposed Coriolis Effect works when the Earth is tilted always at 23.4 degrees.

For more information regarding the issues surrounding the temperatures at the Equator, watch the following video from BS Detector.

Exhibit 27 - No Bulging of Oceans at the Equator

According to the official story, the Earth is spinning near 1,000 mph at the equator and slows down to less than 100 mph at the poles.  Gravity supposedly holds all of the water on the Earth which also magically offsets the stronger centripetal force of the Earth's spin.  But even with the gravity excuse, why haven't the oceans noticeably flowed towards the equator where the spin of the Earth is the fastest, creating a giant bulge of ocean water?  Gravity would seemingly have to include the magical abilities of keeping the oceans spherical even where the centripetal force increases ten fold from the poles to the equator.  It's just common sense, water could not be spherically uniform on the Earth because the spin at the equator must be much faster and so water would have to flow towards the equator and away from the poles.  This does not happen.  Also, shouldn't lava under the surface do the same and bulge at the equator over the alleged hundreds of millions of years of creation?  Official "science" now seems to argue that Earth is "pear-shaped" or an "oblate spheroid" but that also seems contradictory when you look at the fake photographs of the Earth from space that always show a perfect sphere.

Exhibit 28 - Satellites are Fake; the Thermosphere is Too Hot to Support Satellites, ISS, and Hubble

With all of those videos of the Earth from the ISS, have you ever seen the thousands of claimed satellites flying by?  I have never seen one.  The thermosphere reaches temperatures supposedly up to 2,000 degrees Celsius, how is it possible that satellites even exist?  I know, NASA says the satellites are covered in a gold aluminum foil and so they're perfectly fine.  However, until one of those guys at NASA sits inside NASA's large vacuum chamber directly under a blast furnace with only a gold-colored tinfoil blanket as protection to prove that heat of the blast furnace won't transfer to the person, I won't believe it.

GeoShifter points out many problems associated with the official story of satellites, including the fact that thousands of satellites are high enough to take pictures of the entire Earth and yet none of them do (skip ahead to 1:50), but GeoShifter adds that some satellites could be real over the flat Earth taking advantage of high jet streams.

What about GPS?  Aaron Dover shows that GPS is and always has been land-based and explains why skyscrapers were built in part.

Exhibit 29 - The Earth Does Not Spin; the Round-trip Airplane Model Would Produce Unequal Times on a Sphere Spinning 1,000 mph; Planes Could Not Land on a Spinning Ball at 1,000 mph; the Cannonball Test

A flight from Las Angeles to New York takes the same amount of time as a flight from New York to Los Angeles.  How is this possible on a sphere spinning easterly at 1,000 mph?  Spherical theorists argue that its similar to playing ball in a car but ignore the fact that the car is closed - i.e., does the Earth have a dome that seals it?  This also is similar to the wind problem, how does wind (and storms) flow the opposite direction of a ball that is pulling an atmosphere with it at 1,000 mph?  One of the huge contradictory claims of the spherical theorists is that the Coriolis Effect can affect storms and snipers but has not effect on airplanes.

Many years ago, in order to prove the Earth was flat and stationary, researchers from the International Flat Earth Society launched a series of cannons straight into the air.  Amazingly, all of the cannon balls fell down right next to the cannons and some even ended up back into the same cannon barrels - a repeatable experiment.  Thus, the flat Earthers researchers concluded that the Earth is not spinning at approximately 1,000 mph as all of the balls should have landed to the west.  These cannonballs, being very dense, should have counteracted much of the alleged easterly movement of the atmosphere.

In the next video, TheMorgile discusses the cannonball experiment of the International Flat Earth Society (watch at 15:19).

Exhibit 30 - The Counter-Clockwise Rotating Moon (and Matching Sun)

The time lapse video contained within the video below proves that the moon's counter-clockwise rotation movement does not match the claims of established science.  In fact, at least over the southern hemisphere, the moon rotates approximately 130 degrees over a night.  Again, the facts clearly contradict the "official" story.

In addition to the rotating Moon, the Sun also rotates and matches the rotation of the Moon perfectly.  This is NOT explainable under the globe model.

Exhibit 31 - The Phases of the Moon Every 6 Months Do Not Evince Movement of the Earth around the Sun

The Moon's phases should be reversed at opposite times of the year because the Earth (and the Moon) is at the opposite side of the solar system while the Sun remains roughly in the middle.  The phases never reverse and always maintain the same 29.5-days cycle.  That's not possible when the Earth supposedly appears on opposite sides of the Sun.

Exhibit 32 - The Diverted Flat Earth Baby Flight and International Shipping Routes

Although this Exhibit builds on the other exhibit discussing southern hemisphere flight patterns, this story most certainly fits the flat Earth model as it pertains to both hemispheres.  In October 2015, a China Airlines flight from Bali to Los Angeles was diverted because a woman prematurely had her baby on the flight.  A fun story but it also proves the flat Earth because the flight was strangely diverted to and made an emergency landing in Anchorage, Alaska.  Get out your globe and you will see that there is no way that Anchorage, Alaska was anywhere near the route of the flight which could have just easily continued its path straight to Los Angeles or landed in Honolulu.  However, on the flat Earth Azimuthal Equidistant Map (the same one that matches the UN flag), Anchorage, Alaska is very near the route.

Although this needs more research, there are some clear indications that international shipping routes match the flat Earth Azimuthal Equidistant map and make no sense on a globe.  This also matches the diverted baby from Los Angeles to Anchorage described above.

More proof of flights that make no sense on a globe: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2078301/Mind-sleigh-Airlines-given-permission-fly-North-Pole-time-slashing-hours-exotic-destinations.html ("Many long-haul flight times will be dramatically reduced as planes are allowed to take a short cut over the North Pole.").  London to Fiji.  Old time:  Fiji (10,000 miles) - current time via Los Angles or Seoul: 24 hours.  New time: 18 hours non-stop using 'polar express' short cut.  Analysis:  No substantive difference in distance by going over the North Pole on the globe.  Huge distance savings on the Gleason's map.  London to Tahiti.  Old time:  Tahiti (9,600 miles) via Los Angeles: 23 hours.  New time: 17 hours.  Analysis:  Absolutely no reason to cross over the North Pole on the globe, which would only increase the distance.  London to Honolulu.  Honolulu (7,300 miles) via Los Angeles: 18 hours.  New time: 13 hours.  Analysis:  Absolutely no reason to cross over the North Pole on the globe, which would only increase the distance.  London to Anchorage.  Anchorage (4,500 miles) via Seattle: 16 hours.  New time: 8 hours short cut - over  the North Pole to destinations such as Hawaii, Alaska or French Polynesia.  Analysis:  This new route over the Arctic makes much more sense on both the globe and Gleason's.  What I don't understand is why this isn't already happening as it seems the straightest line under either model is currently permissible under aviation routes.  The straightest line does not go over the North Pole.

Exhibit 33 - Various Clues:  the Illuminati Card Game, Gleason's 1892 Illuminati "New Standard Map of the Earth," and the United Nations Flag

Most people have seen the creepy prescient Illuminati card game which has cards seemingly predicting the 9-11 attacks and the Boston Bombing and has a card which even correctly indicates that the moon landings were faked in a studio.  Interestingly, the Illuminati card game also has a flat Earth card which says, "People laugh, but the Flat Earthers know something."  As shown herein, the Flat Earthers do seem to "know something" that is being ignored by nearly everyone.

The Gleason's 1892 "New Standard Map of the Earth" includes a pyramid with an Illuminati all-seeing eye under which includes the words, "AS 'IT IS'" and the statement, "SCIENTIFICALLY AND PRACTICALLY CORRECT."  Under the "June Solstice" paragraph at the bottom of the map, it reads:

"In the figures June and December, the white represents the Sun's position in his respective months, at NOON.   This shows sunlight inside the Arctic Circle for 24 hours.  From June 21, the Sun moves around the Tropics in a spiral circle, widening every day, until it reaches its destiny on the southern or outer Solstice, on December 21."

Under the subtitle "December Solstice," the map reads:

"On December 21, the Sun moves around the Tropic of Capricorn, and during the day lights up the southern portion of the Earth from the Arctic Circle to some portions of Antarctica.  There is no 'sunlight' beyond 80° south but unknown regions of ice.  On the 23rd of December the Sun commences his northward journey again, returning to his starting place, and thus completes his seasons."

In other words, the Gleason's map presents the flat Earth model.  Interestingly, this was the same map that John F. Kennedy had in the White House Situation Room.

What's also striking about the Gleason's map is that the United Nations flag matches the Gleason's map.  What a coincidence!

Exhibit 34 - The Concentration of Sunlight

Building on an earlier exhibit, as shown in time-lapse videos, the sun gradually decreases in size and intensity as it moves further away which would be impossible to notice if the sun was 93 million miles away.

When the Sun sets the sun light does not end on a wide uniform plane; instead the light gradually follows and comes toward and localizes at the setting Sun.  This should be impossible if the Sun is 93 million miles away.  P-Brane's work on this subject is highly commendable.

Exhibit 35 - Eclipses Prove that Mainstream Science is Wrong

In the videos below, MrThriveAndSurvive demonstrates many problems associated with the "official" model of the lunar eclipse.  For example, there is simply no way that the sunsets on Earth cause the Moon to take on a reddish color during a lunar eclipse.

Exhibit 36 - View of the Moon When it Should Be on the Other Side of the Earth

In the video below, a rocket was launched in northern Nevada up towards space and the footage catches a glimpse of the Moon very far away; however, the Moon should have been on the other side of the Earth, over Australia, at the time of the launch.  Also, the Moon still looks far from the horizon.  It seems from the video that the Sun and Moon are on the same horizontal plane (the Moon is not even close to the horizon) and proves the spherical model is wrong.

Exhibit 37 - No Movement of the North Star

According to the official model, the Earth is currently spinning at 1,042 mph (at the Equator), wobbles, and even bounces daily (from the gravitational pull of the Moon that allegedly causes tides on opposite sides of the Earth).  The Earth is also revolving around the Sun at 66,700 mph.  Simultaneously, the Sun is moving at 447,000 mph (taking the Earth and the solar system with it).  The whole galaxy moves at 373 miles/second while the entire universe continues to expand at some other obscene number resulting from the outward thrust of the Big Bang.  Meaning that the Earth is moving at more than 1,860,000 mph.  The problem?  The North Star has NEVER changed its position in known history.  Cement a narrow tube in your yard pointed at the North Star and the North Star will be in the same spot year after year.  Of course, science says that the North Star is so far away that you wouldn't see any movement but I say hogwash; there is no way that the North Star could remain constant, century after century, as the Earth moves at those speeds while spiraling, wobbling, daily bouncing, and other varying positions.

In this video, TheMorgile correctly points out that repeating orbital comets would be 100% impossible on a spiraling solar system hurtling through space at over 1,000,000 mph.

Exhibit 38 - No Eclipses of Objects Other than the Moon

Exhibit 39 - Gyroscopes and Gyro Navigation would Not Work on a Spherical Earth

This argument is a bit technical but the videos below argue that gyroscopes and gyro navigation are impossible on a sphere.

In the next video, Rob Durham, using a high-class gyroscope to prove that gyroscopes do not measure curvature and the ability of Foucault's Pendulum to measure the spin of the Earth is fake.

Exhibit 40 - The Coriolis Effect Proves the Flat Earth

Often cited by globe theorists as one of the best pieces of evidence in support of a globe Earth, the Coriolis Effect actually seems to add much more support to the flat Earth and makes no sense on a globe.  Further, if the Earth's atmosphere rotates synchronously and attached by gravity to the ground as claimed by official "science," then the Coriolis Effect should not even exist - it clearly contradicts the globe model.

Exhibit 41 - The Farce of Gravity

As discussed above, gravity allegedly has the ability to keep us from being flung from a ball spinning at 1,000 mph and gravity can still somehow change its effect on individuals and objects between the poles and the equator where the centripetal forces are up to ten times different in magnitude.  It doesn't end there because the Earth supposedly orbits the Sun at 67,000 mph as the Earth spins at 1,000 mph.  If you are on the side of the Earth facing the path of the Earth's orbit, the ground below you is moving 67,000 mph towards your feet, like jumping on a VERY fast elevator that is going up.  If you are on the opposite side of the Earth facing the backside of the Earth's orbital path, the ground below you is moving away from your feet, like jumping on a VERY fast elevator that is going down.  This change should happen to you every day but no one has ever experienced it.  You would certainly feel these changes on an airplane or a train, but why not on the Earth that is moving much faster?  Gravity cannot explain it.  Furthermore, as the Earth spins, the speed of the Earth will increase as it spins in the direction of the orbital path and will decrease in speed as it spins opposite of the orbital path.  Again, this change should happen every day on the "official" model but you have never felt it.

In the following two videos, My Perspective illustrates these and other examples proving the farce of gravity.

Exhibit 42 - Stars Often Appear through the Dark Side of the Moon During Its Phases

Again, this doesn't necessary prove the Earth is flat but stars are often filmed and photographed through the dark side of the Moon during its phases.  How do stars shine through a supposed shaded rock ball?  It makes no sense under mainstream science and so these facts are only ignored.

Start at 1:30 and notice how the the two stars on the right of the Moon end up appearing on the dark side of the Moon once they pass the lit side of the Moon.

Exhibit 43 - The Compass Problem

How a compass works on a sphere is problematic.  For example, someone using a compass in South America should have a difficult time finding north.  Why?  Because the magnetic north pole would nearly be straight under foot, i.e., directly towards the ground.  A compass needle aligns itself and points toward the top of Earth's magnetic field, which is now supposedly over far northern Russia.  However, there is no indication that compasses have any more difficulty finding north in Southern Chile, South Africa, or Australia.

Exhibit 44 - Captain Cook and The Old Explorers of Antarctica

In 1773, Captain Cook became the first modern explorer known to have breached the Antarctic Circle and reached the ice barrier.  During three voyages, lasting three years and eight days, Captain Cook and crew sailed a total of 60,000 miles along the Antarctic coastline never once finding an inlet or path through or beyond the massive ice wall  Captain Cook wrote:  "The ice extended east and west far beyond the reach of our sight, while the southern half of the horizon was illuminated by rays of light which were reflected from the ice to a considerable height.  It was indeed my opinion that this ice extends quite to the pole, or perhaps joins some land to which it has been fixed since creation."

"'Yes, but we can circumnavigate the South easily enough,' is often said by those who don't know, The British Ship Challenger recently completed the circuit of the Southern region - indirectly, to be sure - but she was three years about it, and traversed nearly 69,000 miles - a stretch long enough to have taken her six times round on the globular hypothesis."  - William Carpenter, "100 Proofs the Earth is Not a Globe."

"During Captain James Clark Ross’s voyages around the Antarctic circumference, he often wrote in his journal perplexed at how they routinely found themselves out of accordance with their charts, stating that they found themselves an average of 12-16 miles outside their reckoning every day, later on further south as much as 29 miles."  Captain Ross also wrote of the Antarctic ice wall as, "extending from its eastern extreme point as far as the eye could discern to the eastward.  It presented an extraordinary appearance, gradually increasing in height, as we got nearer to it, and proving at length to be a perpendicular cliff of ice, between one hundred and fifty feet and two hundred feet about the level of the sea, perfectly flat and level at the top, and without any fissures or promontories on its even seaward face.  We might with equal chance of success try to sail through the cliffs of Dover, as to penetrate such a mass."

Exhibit 45 - No G's for Our Astronauts; Impossible Video Stabilizers on Space Rockets

Compare the G's incurred by a very experienced Blues Angel pilot vs. astronauts.  Are astronauts really experiencing less G's than the Blue Angels pilot when they have to get up to 17,500 mph?  Even at 3 G's, the astronauts would certainly show it in their faces and yet the ride seems rather pleasant to them.  Also, what kind of stabilizer does NASA and these other space agencies use to totally eliminate the powerful vibration of the rockets?  It's more likely that it is only CGI.

Awesome video of the talented Blue Angels.  Pay attention to the pilot's face as he experiences high G's.

Skip to 4:27 and watch the Russian astronauts on a very pleasant liftoff into space.

You cannot see their faces well but fast forward to 5:13 and see these astronauts moving at 5,000 mph with no effort whatsoever.

Watch this video from WaykiWayki, which shows the astronaut even writing during the launch.

How did they make such an amazing stabilizer for a camera sitting on the outside of a rocket?  I also have to ask why the rocket isn't spinning like every other rocket (that's not from an official space agency).

Exhibit 46 - The Sun and Moon are the Same Size

Our beloved conformist scientists say that the Sun is 93 million miles away with a diameter of 864,938 miles.  On the other hand, the Moon is 234,000 miles away with a diameter of 2,159 miles.  However, the Sun and Moon just happen to appear as the same size from our perspective on Earth.  What are the nearly impossible odds of this occurring?  Or is it more likely that the Sun and Moon are just about the same size circling over a flat Earth?  Again, the flat Earth model seems to be the better and simpler explanation.  It seems that the distances and diameters of the Moon and Sun were only invented to fit the accepted model.  In addition, the fact that the Sun and Moon rotate (like a door knob) the same distance throughout the same time period evinces that the Sun and Moon have a relationship which is not explained under the globe model.

Exhibit 47 - Antarctica the Closed Continent

Touring the depths of Antarctica is generally prohibited by treaty (why no commercial ventures where there are vast mineral deposits).  No one has unfettered access to Antarctica.  No commercial flights are ever taken across Antarctica.  Independent explorers who have attempted to explore Antarctica have been arrested.  Yes, there are unreasonably expensive tours to Antarctica but such tours stay at the periphery of Antarctica.

Antarctica is treated as a giant nature preserve.  To explore or traverse Antarctica, you not only need a permit, which entails a close examination of your purpose, parties, credentials, backing, etc., you must also submit an environmental impact statement and much more.  Also, you're required to avoid substantial amounts of land.  This renders Antarctica explorations virtually impossible for anyone outside "official" sources.

The Antarctica Treaty and the Antarctic Conservation Act requires expeditions from the U.S. to Antarctica to notify, in advance, the Office of Oceans and Polar Affairs of the State Department, which reports such plans to other nations as required by the Antarctic Treaty.  This means that if you want to go to Antarctica as a non-government organization, you must first obtain a permit from the State Department.  Here is one of the handbooks administering the Antarctica Treaty laws for non-government organizations:

"A) PROTECT ANTARCTIC WILDLIFE 1) Taking or harmful interference with Antarctic wildlife is prohibited except in accordance with a permit issued by a national authority. 2) Do not use aircraft, vessels, small boats, or other means of transport in ways that disturb wildlife, either at sea or on land. 3) Do not feed, touch, or handle birds or seals, or approach or photograph them in ways that cause them to alter their behavior.  Special care is needed when animals are breeding or moulting. 4) Do not damage plants, for example by walking, driving, or landing on extensive moss beds or lichen-covered scree slopes. 5) Do not use guns or explosives.  Keep noise to the minimum to avoid frightening wildlife. 6) Do not bring non-native plants or animals into the Antarctic (e.g. live poultry, pet dogs and cats, house plants)."  Page 308.

"Antarctica is the largest wilderness area on earth, unaffected by large scale human activities. Accordingly, this unique and pristine environment has been afforded special protection ... The Environmental Protocol designates Antarctica as a natural reserve devoted to peace and science, and applies to both governmental and non-governmental activities in the Antarctic Treaty Area.  The Protocol seeks to ensure that human activities, including tourism, do not have adverse impacts on the Antarctic environment, nor on its scientific and aesthetic values. The Protocol states, as a matter of principle, that all activities are to be planned and conducted on the basis of information sufficient to evaluate their possible impact on the Antarctic environment and its associated ecosystems, and on the value of Antarctica for the conduct of scientific research.  Organisers should be aware that the Environmental Protocol requires that “activities shall be modified, suspended or cancelled if they result in or threaten to result in impacts upon the Antarctic environment or dependent or associated ecosystems.”  Page 310.

"KEY OBLIGATIONS ON ORGANISERS AND OPERATORS 1) Provide prior notification of, and reports on, their activities to the competent authorities of the appropriate Party or Parties. 2) Conduct an assessment of the potential environmental impacts of their planned activities. 3) Provide for effective response to environmental emergencies, especially with regard to marine pollution. 4) Ensure self-sufficiency and safe operations. 5) Respect scientific research and the Antarctic environment, including restrictions regarding protected areas, and the protection of flora and fauna. 6) Prevent the disposal and discharge of prohibited waste."  Page 311.  [Environmental impact statements?  Have you ever tried to prepare one?  Very complex area of law.]

"ATTACHMENT A
INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED IN ADVANCE NOTICE
Organisers should provide the following information to the appropriate national authorities in the format requested. 1) name, nationality, and contact details of the organiser; 2) where relevant, registered name and national registration and type of any vessel or aircraft to be used (including name of the captain or commander, call-sign, radio frequency, INMARSAT number); 3) intended itinerary including the date of departure and places to be visited in the Antarctic Treaty Area; 4) activities to be undertaken and purpose; 5) number and qualifications of crew and accompanying guides and expedition staff; 6) estimated number of visitors to be carried; 7) carrying capacity of vessel; 8) intended use of vessel; 9) intended use and type of aircraft; 10) number and type of other vessels, including small boats, to be used in the Antarctic Treaty Area; 11) information about insurance coverage; 12) details of equipment to be used, including for safety purposes, and arrangements for self-sufficiency; 13) and other matters required by national laws."  Page 313.

"The ecosystem of the Antarctic Treaty Area is particularly vulnerable to human interference and the Antarctic derives much of its importance from its uncontaminated and undisturbed condition and the effects it has on adjacent areas and the global environment.  For these reasons the Consultative Parties recognise their special responsibility for the protection of the environment and the wise use of the Treaty Area."  Page 319.

Antarctica is essentially a closed continent to both exploration and tourism.

In this video, Rob Skiba discusses Antarctica and the Antarctica Treaty system.

Exhibit 48 - Because Sound is Independent of the Earth's Alleged Spin, the Doppler Effect Proves a Flat Earth

Because our Earth is supposedly spinning at 1,000 mph (depending on your location), you could not hear thunder (moving at 768 mph) if you were standing on the side facing the rotation of the Earth.  Sound moves independently of the atmosphere.  According to MrThriveAndSurvive:  "Sound is ENERGY and NOT the atmosphere nor does it ever become a PART of the atmosphere. Otherwise lightening would be 1000 MPH FASTER than the CONSTANT going with the earth spin and 1000 MPH slower going the other way with no effect due north and south. The EARTH does not move and getting this concept down is imperative."

Exhibit 49 - The Moon is Not 234,000 Miles

As witnessed by everyone, when the Moon is behind clouds, the Moon does not light up all of the clouds in the sky; instead, the Moon only lights up those clouds surrounding the Moon.  Empirically, the moonlight seems much more local.  Other time lapse measurements prove the same.  Because the moonlight is local, the Moon cannot be 234,000 miles away from the Earth.

Watch at 37:58, as dmurphy25 points out this argument.

How does the Moon move at the same speed as the stars.  My Perspective eloquently addresses this and other questions.

Here's a time lapse video showing how the Moon (like the Sun) shrinks in size as it moves across the sky.

Exhibit 50 - No Sound or Feelings Associated with the Spin of the Earth

According to the official story, the Earth is spinning nearly 1,000 mph at the equator and slows down to less than 100 mph at the poles.  Gravity supposedly holds everyone on the Earth which also magically offsets the stronger centripetal force of the Earth's spin and its orbit at 67,000 mph (moving towards your feet at 67,000 mph and then moving away from your feet at 67,000 mph).  Somehow, you cannot feel these offsetting and drastically changing forces in any manner.  Add on the moon's alleged gravitational pull of the tides (and the Earth's daily bounce) and you have a whole lot of movement, spinning, and pulling.  However, have you ever heard the spin of the Earth or felt it?  Wouldn't there be some sound produced with all of this spinning and pulling?  Logically, there should be some major sounds of a spinning Earth at 1,000 mph and the Earth's orbit at 67,000 mph, and a normal person should at least feel or detect the competing and directional changing motions by either traveling across the globe (where rotations speeds would vary) or in some other manner.  Our senses say that the Earth is not moving in any manner.

Conclusion

If the Earth is flat, as the vast amount of evidence seems to show, then the flat Earth conspiracy amounts to the biggest cover-up and lie ever perpetrated against humanity; a lie that has literally lasted for hundreds of years and must permeate many institutions.  If true, the implications of how much brainwashing and control we're under is absolutely frightening.  But is there any other "fact" that we were programmed to believe more than the shape of the Earth?  Are scientists ever taught to challenge the status quo?  The globe model was pushed on us from the earliest age, why?

For me (others may disagree), the strongest pieces of evidence in support of the flat Earth are the following:

1. No Curvature.  No measurable curvature even though the curvature should be easily detectable with modern instruments and experienced in everyday life.
2. No Photographs of the Earth.  Despite the claim that there are thousands of satellites far away enough from the Earth to take a picture of the whole Earth, there are admittedly no legitimate photographs of the Earth; NASA even says that these photographs were created to "match people's expectations."  Is that science or propaganda?  Other evident fakery from space agencies, including the ISS and the Space Shuttle, further supports this argument.
3. The Sun and Moon are Local.  The Sun is not 93 million miles away (and the Moon is not 234,000 miles away) as proven from various time-lapse videos, decreasing/increasing sizes, light concentration, trigonometry, and other means.
4. The Professionals.  Pilots, engineers, surveyors, gunners, artillerymen, etc. do not account for curvature in any manner.
5. The Non-Spinning Atmosphere.  The atmosphere evinces no properties of spin as required by fluid dynamics.  The purported 1,000 mph spin of the Earth at the equator should have a tremendous impact on flights, water, volcanic eruptions, skydivers, wind, etc., but there's no evidence of such a spin.
6. No Centripetal or Other Forces of Movement Detected.  Even though the centripetal force increases ten fold from the arctic (e.g., Northern Canada) to the equator (from 100 mph to more than 1,000 mph), weight does not change even a little and the possibly radical centripetal force change has no physical effect on an individual.  Also, the Earth supposedly orbits the Sun at 67,000 mph as the Earth spins at 1,000 mph.  On one side of the Earth, the ground would be moving 67,000 mph towards your feet.  On the other side of the Earth, the ground below you would be moving away from your feet at 67,000 mph.  This daily and drastic change should be felt or measured daily and gravity does not seem to account for it.
7. The Explanation of Daylight and Stars is Not Workable on the Globe Model.  Based on the "official" globe model where daylight should be located between the Earth and the Sun, there should be a substantial global change of stars every six months.  Because this doesn't happen, the globe model must be false.
8. Same-Sized Sun and Moon.  Despite the purported extreme differences in distance and size, the Sun and Moon are the same size from our perspective - a statistical impossibility.  Also, the Sun and Moon rotate the same distance throughout the same time period - how's that possible under the globe model?
9. Properties of Water.  The level properties of water and no bulging of the oceans at the equator despite the spin demonstrate that Earth is not a spinning a ball.
10. The Impossible Moon.  In the video of an amateur rocket launch, the Moon appears very small but well above the horizon when it should be on the other side of the Earth proving that the Moon and Sun circle above a flat surface.
11. The Vacuum.  There's no way that our atmosphere supposedly parallels an enormous vacuum.  The vacuum of space would overpower any hold that gravity would have over the low-mass atmosphere.
12. The North Star.  The "official" globe model says that the Earth is currently spinning at 1,042 mph, wobbling, bouncing daily, and revolving around the Sun at 66,700 mph; the Sun (taking the Earth with it) is moving at 447,000 mph; the whole galaxy is moving at 373 miles/second; and, the entire universe continues to expand from the Big Bang.  Meaning that the Earth is moving in various direction at more than 1,860,000 mph.  The problem?  The North Star has NEVER changed its position in known history and that certainly belies common sense.

Why the deception?

This is only speculation but I think there may be a few reasons:

1. To hide land and resources; to keep the human cattle within their imaginary fences (like The Truman Show).
2. To hide God.
3. To control our minds; a psychological matrix, i.e., to make us believe that 2+2=5.  If our evil overlords can convince us to ignore our own experience and blindly trust the illogical "official" story, then we can be controlled to do and accept anything.

In the book 1984, George Orwell presciently wrote the following (pertinent excerpt below: http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Authors/Part_Three_1984.html):

O'Brien silenced him by a movement of the hand. "We control matter because we control the mind. Reality is inside the skull. You will learn-by degrees, Winston. There is nothing that we could not do. Invisibility, levitation-anything.  I could float off this floor like a soap bubble if I wished to. I do not wish to, because the Party does not wish it. You must get rid of those nineteenth century ideas about the laws of nature. We make the laws of nature.". . . .

"But the whole universe is outside us. Look at the stars! Some of them are a million light-years away. They are out of our reach forever."

"What are the stars?" said O'Brien indifferently. "They are bits of fire a few kilometers away. We could reach them if we wanted to. Or we could blot them out. The earth is the center of the universe. The sun and the stars go round it.". . . . When we navigate the ocean, or when we predict an eclipse, we often find it convenient to assume that the earth goes round the sun and that the stars are millions upon millions of kilometers away. But what of it? Do you suppose it is beyond us to produce a dual system of astronomy? The stars can be near or distant, according as we need them. Do you suppose our mathematicians are unequal to that? Have you forgotten doublethink?"

What follows is another fascinating quote from Orwell who said that the evidence in support of the globe theory is "precarious" and seemingly built on nothing more than an appeal to authority.  Also, Orwell pointed out that the vast majority of people get "angry" when confronted with alternative theories because of society's credulity and sad acceptance of authority.

SOMEWHERE or other—I think it is in the preface to Saint Joan—Bernard Shaw remarks that we are more gullible and superstitious today than we were in the Middle Ages, and as an example of modern credulity he cites the widespread belief that the earth is round.  The average man, says Shaw, can advance not a single reason for thinking that the earth is round.  He merely swallows this theory because there is something about it that appeals to the twentieth-century mentality.

Now, Shaw is exaggerating, but there is something in what he says, and the question is worth following up, for the sake of the light it throws on modern knowledge.  Just why do we believe that the earth is round?  I am not speaking of the few thousand astronomers, geographers and so forth who could give ocular proof, or have a theoretical knowledge of the proof, but of the ordinary newspaper-reading citizen, such as you or me.

As for the Flat Earth theory, I believe I could refute it.  If you stand by the seashore on a clear day, you can see the masts and funnels of invisible ships passing along the horizons.  This phenomenon can only be explained by assuming that the earth’s surface is curved.  But it does not follow that the earth is spherical.  Imagine another theory called the Oval Earth theory, which claims that the earth is shaped like an egg.  What can I say against it?

Against the Oval Earth man, the ﬁrst card I can play is the analogy of the sun and moon.  The Oval Earth man promptly answers that I don’t know, by my own observation, that those bodies are spherical.  I only know that they are round, and they may perfectly well be ﬂat discs.  I have no answer to that one.  Besides, he goes on, what reason have I for thinking that the earth must be the same shape as the sun and moon?  I can’t answer that one either.

My second card is the earth’s shadow: when cast on the moon during eclipses, it appears to be the shadow of a round object.  But how do I know, demands the Oval Earth man, that eclipses of the moon are caused by the shadow of the earth?  The answer is that I don’t know, but have taken this piece of information blindly from newspaper articles and science booklets.

Defeated in the minor exchanges, I now play my queen of trumps: the opinion of the experts.  The Astronomer Royal, who ought to know, tells me that the earth is round.  The Oval Earth man covers the queen with his king.  Have I tested the Astronomer Royal’s statement, and would I even know a way of testing it?  Here I bring out my ace.  Yes, I do know one test.  The astronomers can foretell eclipses, and this suggests that their opinions about the solar system are pretty sound.  I am therefore justiﬁed in accepting their say-so about the shape of the earth.

If the Oval Earth man answers—what I believe is true—that the ancient Egyptians, who thought the sun goes round the earth, could also predict eclipses, then bang goes my ace.  I have only one card left: navigation.  People can sail ships round the world, and reach the places they aim at, by calculations which assume that the earth is spherical.  I believe that ﬁnishes the Oval Earth man, though even then he may possibly have some kind of counter.

It will be seen that my reasons for thinking that the earth is round are rather precarious ones.  Yet this is an exceptionally elementary piece of information.  On most other questions I should have to fall back on the expert much earlier, and would be less able to test his pronouncements.  And much the greater part of our knowledge is at this level.  It does not rest on reasoning or on experiment, but on authority.  And how can it be otherwise, when the range of knowledge is so vast that the expert himself is an ignoramous as soon as he strays away from his own speciality?  Most people, if asked to prove that the earth is round, would not even bother to produce the rather weak arguments I have outlined above.  They would start off by saying that ‘everyone knows’ the earth to be round, and if pressed further, would become angry.  In a way Shaw is right.  This is a credulous age, and the burden of knowledge which we now have to carry is partly responsible.

Watch this video from Jeranism beginning at 3:42:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqhYA76MRRA

War is peace.

Freedom is slavery.

Ignorance is strength.

The Visible Flat Earth is a Sphere.

Question 1 - How do the sun and moon rotate on a flat Earth?  How do lunar phases work on a flat Earth?   How do the seasons work on a flat Earth?

StinkyCash takes a shot at answering these difficult questions.

Rob Skiba answers how season work on a flat Earth.

Question 2 - What causes the "ramp-up" to distant objects if not the curvature of the Earth?

In the following video, the cameraman demonstrates that on a flat road the wheels disappear first and then the lower part of the car.  This is often the same effect you would see with the missing hull effect, which may also be caused by waves increasing in size in relation to the object getting smaller in the distance.

Question 3 - Does the Coriolis Effect prove a spherical Earth?

No, in fact, the Coriolis Effect proves the flat Earth.  See the exhibits above.

Question 4 - Is there an agreed on map of the flat Earth?

No, there's no agreed map of the flat Earth.  However, the Azimuthal Equidistant and Gleason's 1892 "New Standard Map of the World" ("AS 'IT IS'") are the most cited.  However, it appears that all maps may not truly represent correct sizes, etc.

Question 5 - Are there satellites?

Satellites are a possibility but not like the official story.  Interestingly, there are no college or upper-level degrees for satellite engineers.

Question 6 - How come the Sun doesn't disappear into a dot if it is just getting further away on a flat plane?

Although not nearly as large and as far away as claimed by the official story, the Sun is still thousands of miles away and is very large.  Because it already is far away (it's not near us) it doesn't have a huge decrease in size as it approaches the vanishing point.  However, at certain viewpoints the Sun does decrease to a point.  See the exhibits above.

Here's a great video on perspective and horizon by StinkyCash which shows the "ramp-up" effect caused by perspective.

Great video from DITRH that shows how perspective causes the bottom of boats to disappear first.

Here's a collection of videos that show the Sun shrinking to a dot and other relevant videos discussing why the Sun other times seems to be sliced from the bottom up.  The first video is from DITRH and shows the Sun shrink to a dot over the flat and dry African plane.

As is clear, from the following video by bmlsb69, the Sun is shrinking as it moves away - an impossible feat if the Sun was 93 million miles away but notice that the Sun does get sliced from the bottom up vs. shrinking to a dot.  This is the most common way we see the Sun set.  Without question, there's also a reflection/mirror effect as well that distorts the Sun which is important in our analysis.

Previously, Stinky Cash argued that the Sun was being sliced from the bottom up as a result of perspective only.  Essentially, according to Stinky Cash, once the Sun reaches the vanishing point it begins to be sliced from the bottom up.  Although plausible, it didn't make complete sense because we have so many pictures of islands, etc. that are clearly past the vanishing point that should have disappeared as a result of perspective.  Furthermore, you couldn't bring the Sun back into view with telescope.  Watch this video at 8:13:

DITRH has demonstrated a different theory that may work in conjunction with Stinky Cash's claim.  Although a primary cause, it's not only about perspective causing the Sun to be sliced from the bottoms up in some videos but a "false horizon" caused by objects at the horizon.  Over land it's easy to understand.  Where I live, I'm sitting on a hill that 4,226 feet tall (elevation) with mountains and hills.  The Sun gets blocked by mountains, hills, and possibly elevation (I haven't determined whether elevation plays a factor yet).  Over water, the Sun gets cut off by clouds and just a thick water droplet filled atmosphere.  For example:  "Haze causes issues in the area of terrestrial photography, where the penetration of large amounts of dense atmosphere may be necessary to image distant subjects. This results in the visual effect of a loss of contrast in the subject, due to the effect of light scattering through the haze particles. For these reasons, sunrise and sunset colors appear subdued on hazy days, and stars may be obscured at night. In some cases, attenuation by haze is so great that, toward sunset, the sun disappears altogether before reaching the horizon."  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haze

Question 7 - What about comets, asteroids, and meteors?

If the dome theory is correct, then comets, asteroids, and meteors all have to be events inside the dome.  Potentially, pieces breaking off of the dome could offer some explanation.  I don't subscribe to the dome theory at this time and think that these events could still somewhat occur within the unknown universe above the flat Earth and can be spotted with telescopes, etc. Others claim that asteroids, etc. are just recurring electrical discharges.  I don't really have a good answer to this question.

Question 8 - Because other objects in space are spherical, doesn't that mean the Earth is spherical as well?

The presumption is based on the universally false idea of an Earth flying through space as one of a quadrillion spheres in the universe.  This presumption is based on thousands of movies and models shown you since you were a child.  Take away the presumption and try instead assuming that the universe circles above an endless plane called Earth.  Then calling the Earth a sphere based on the shape of distant lights above would be like saying that because you see trees in the forest that objects in space must also shaped like trees.  The Earth is different and may be the foundation of the universe.

Question 9 - Does sunlight under the clouds prove that we live on a spherical Earth?

No, a sun 93 million miles away could not ever appear under the clouds of the Earth as the light comes in parallel to the Earth.  However, sunlight under the clouds does evince a flat Earth.

Question 10 - What about Sigma Octantis, the Southern Cross, and other southern constellations and stars?  Don't they prove the globe Earth?

This is by far the strongest of the globalist claims but not impenetrable.  Among the working models, is the video below by Electric Earth.  With another 10 years of study, the flat Earth model of the southern stars will be well established.

Here's supposed time lapse footage of stars in the Chile.  As you can see, the stars spiral clockwise, counter-clockwise, and sometimes don't spiral at all.  In other words, the stars are being faked as there's no way the stars could do this.  How far does this fakery go?

Question 11 - Do lunar eclipses prove the globe model?

Lunar eclipses do add some support to the globe model but also add to the flat Earth argument.  For example, globalists have no good explanation as to how the reddish hue is created on the Moon (supposedly caused by sunsets and sunrises), how the selenelion or horizontal eclipse occurs, how the lunar eclipse can occur at the wrong angle, etc.  So what is casting the shadow on the Moon?  Some speculate that there's another object above the Earth.  I believe the following video by Electric Earth presents a very interesting possibility - the interaction of a curved magnetic wave on a black-body radiator.

Question 12 - Who do you recommend as flat Earth researchers?

Here are the top 10 flat Earth YouTube channels in my opinion:

Question 13 - Why can't you see objects across oceans on a flat Earth with a telescope?

In short, our atmosphere and the laws of perspective prevent one from doing so.  As shown in the many boat examples above (Exhibit #1), ships disappear behind an increasingly opaque atmosphere - not a curvature.  Even with a telescope, you simply cannot see anything horizontally beyond roughly 150 miles (often much less) through our atmosphere that is full of moisture, gasses, dust, pollutants, etc.  Furthermore, we cannot, being close to the ground, see past the vanishing point in accordance with the laws of perspective.

Watch at 11:02 as The Morgile explains this argument.

Edited by Rothbard
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Please do. I intend to go through your original list and select which ones go with which topics. The topics will need lots of tweaking too. I tried to leave plenty of room for our finds. This is a team effort, especially since my server cripples me.

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If the earth is flat, were is the wall to keep the water from falling over the edges?

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3 hours ago, JustATrucker said:

If the earth is flat, were is the wall to keep the water from falling over the edges?

FE holds that Antarctica is not a continent but an ice wall all around the edge. The NASA thread is a good place to start for now.

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3 hours ago, JustATrucker said:

If the earth is flat, were is the wall to keep the water from falling over the edges?

Our first customer!

Who does not see where to find the answer to his question.  I just added a FAQ in post #2. Maybe it should be in post #1. Well, it is, but not where it should be, apparently at the top. Should we number the items?

JAT, this is a do-it-yourself cheat sheet. I would like to make it easy for posters like you to find serious answers by people who provide credible reasons, evidence, photos, etc. As you can see, it is a work in progress, still in the design phase. Please be patient. And check out the FAQ in post 2.

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14 hours ago, grav said:

Our first customer!

Who does not see where to find the answer to his question.  I just added a FAQ in post #2. Maybe it should be in post #1. Well, it is, but not where it should be, apparently at the top. Should we number the items?

JAT, this is a do-it-yourself cheat sheet. I would like to make it easy for posters like you to find serious answers by people who provide credible reasons, evidence, photos, etc. As you can see, it is a work in progress, still in the design phase. Please be patient. And check out the FAQ in post 2.

Grav you are to kind. Most people don't want to find the answers they just want to fight.

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50 minutes ago, Ned Tugent said:

Thanks.

16 minutes ago, Han sole said:

Grav you are to kind. Most people don't want to find the answers they just want to fight.

I don't do this for the trolls. I do it for the good guys who are finally waking up.

So do you, Han. Oh, yes siree Bob, you surely do. You fight for FE. I fought ignorance and stupidity for decades in classrooms. Mostly with gentle persuasion. I ain't giving up now.

If you want something done right, you may as well do it yourself.

Who else will? The government?

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Some thoughts of mine on gravity: http://www.conspiracyoutpost.com/topic/5141-the-scientific-method/?do=findComment&comment=47181

Also, see the videos in the Secrets of Magnets thread: http://www.conspiracyoutpost.com/topic/25-secrets-of-magnets/?page=1

Gravity is essentially a large-scale magnetic phenomenon; understand magnetism, and you'll understand gravity.

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Just now, Ukshep said:

Ok im going to move these posts to my support thread. I believe its a bug. the settings are correct so it seems it not working. will get on it in the morning and hopefully have it fixed for you coming on.

Thank you!

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